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Sergei Petrovich Botkin (Сергей Боткин) (1832-89) — Russia's[ru] therapist, one of the founders of the clinic of internal medicine as a scientific discipline in Russia, the founder of the largest Russian school clinicians, outstanding physician. Brother VP and MP Botkin.
In 1860-61 Sergey organized clinical and experimental laboratory, which conducted the first study in Russia for Clinical Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Suggested the infectious nature of catarrhal jaundice (hepatitis).
Sergei Botkin - famous clinician and community leader, was born on 17 September (5 September Old Style) 1832 in Moscow. His father and grandfather - famous tea merchants. Received his early education at the guesthouse Ennesa. Through the influence of the people belonging to the famous mug Stankevich, Sergei decided to enter the University of Moscow, but there was an obstacle - welcome to all departments in the late 40's. was extremely limited, unlimited reception was at one medical school and Botkin, against his will, was to arrive there in 1850.
In 1855, at the height of the Sevastopol campaign, Sergei Botkin finished the course and was immediately sent to the account of the Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna in theater, where he worked in the Bakhchisarai hospital Grand Duchess, under the direction of Nikolai Ivanovich Pirogov. After the war, earning a very flattering opinion of Pirogov, Botkin went abroad for improvement. He worked abroad in all the best clinics and laboratories: in Paris - at Claude Bernard, in Berlin in the clinics of the famous professor. Traube in pathology institute Virchow laboratory Hoppe-Seyler'a.
Returning, Sergei Botkin was invited by President of Medical-Surgical Academy, Dubovickii, as an adjunct to the prof. Shipulinskomu. The following year, replaced the Professor Botkin. Shipulinskogo being appointed full professor at the therapeutic clinic Baronet Villiers. As a scientist, Sergey gained an honorable and distinguished name in the literature, not only Russian, but also abroad. He had the rare good fortune to act in the field of social activity in one of the best moments of the historical life of Russia, after the Crimean War, when all areas of public life covered feverish activity, where new developments have made commitment to the reconstruction of social and political life.
The same trend is also updated, and then touched the Medical-Surgical Academy. Sergey Botkin was the first European to set up a clinic volunteer. He introduced her latest research techniques, the so-called clinical examination of patients. In addition to the clinic, Botkin considered very important for the success of teaching post-mortem confirmation of the diagnosis, to this end, a single case did not pass without opening and the audience had the opportunity to make sure, as far as pathologic changes consistent with the recognition of his lifetime. At the same time in the laboratory clinic, under the direction of Sergei Botkin's work always many young people on various aspects of the science and practice of medicine.
Botkin has created a whole school of students, of which more than 20 people have always played to date by the Department of special pathology and therapy in various universities in Russia. Many of them became famous, as for example. late prof. Koshlakov, prof. VA Manassein, Polotebnov, Stolnikov and many others.
In the early 60's Sergey Botkin was appointed advisory member of the Medical Board of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Military Medical Academic Committee, since 1873 Honorary Life medic. Then he was elected chairman of the Society of Russian Physicians in St. Petersburg. Of very successful was his work in public institutions, as a vowel City Council. Since the transition to the city hospital, Botkin constantly worked at the newly established medical and hospital committees. On his initiative and guidance, the city began to improve the energetic content of hospitals, and proceeded to the new device - the community of St. George and Alexander barracks hospital. In addition, they also drew attention to the lack of medical care among the poor class of the capital's population, City Council, in its proposal, the Institute organized a Duma doctorsru, so well-functioning and present: for his initiative was the development of crime data prizrevaemyh city poorhouse. The study was undertaken by a part of the practical purpose of determining the number of persons, living in the almshouses in need of medical care, part of a scientific - meeting material to study not develop questions about old age. The study is made by Dr. AA Kadyanom, came after the death of SP Botkin ("Population S. Petersburg grad almshouses" AA Kadyana).
In 1886, Sergei Botkin was appointed chairman of the Commission on the issue of recovery of Russia. The commission collected precious material on the health status of our vast motherland, but unfortunately the commission's work, the death of the chairman, suspended. Sergey is very sympathetic to the issue of women's medical courses, although they do not personally taught, but took to heart the fate of prematurely ended his course there and vigorously strove to establish them again in one of the city hospitals.
In favor of women's medical courses Sergey Botkin left the capital late Kondratieff who sent Botkin 20 thousand rubles for a charitable purpose. SP Botkin, died December 12 1889 in Menton from liver disease, complicated by heart disease. All estates and institutions, among which the famous clinician worked, tried to perpetuate the memory of the deceased. Thus, the City Council named the Alexander Barracks Botkin hospital, put his picture in all city hospitals and almshouses, and established several primary schools in his name.
Society of Russian Physicians has opened a subscription for the device "Botkin care homes for the poor doctors, their widows and orphans." In addition, the established capital Botkin Award for the best works in therapy. "Clinical Weekly newspaper", published a famous clinician turned into a "newspaper Botkin hospital." In addition, the Society of Russian Physicians for the fund to pay bonuses to the memory of 25-year-old anniversary of Botkin and many former patients of collected funds for a scholarship in the name of Sergei Petrovich, one of the women's education.
Sergei Petrovich Botkin was a member of the Vienna Academy of Sciences, many foreign scientific societies, a corresponding member of the society of internal medicine in Berlin and an honorary member of almost all the universities and scientific societies in Russia.
Printed works of Sergei Botkin: "Stagnation, resulting in blood vessels bryzhzheyki frog middle of the action of salt" ("Military medical de. Journal." 1853), "Quantification of protein and sugar in the urine by the polarization apparatus" ("Moscow. Medical de. gas. ", 1858, № 13), too," Determination of lactose "(" Moscow. med. gas. ", 1882, № 19)," On the absorption of fat in the gut "(" Military. honey. Jour. ", 1860 ), "On the physiological action of atropine sulfate" ("Honey. Vestn.", 1861, № 29); «Ueber die Wirkung der Salze auf die circulirenden rothen Blutkorperchen» («Archive Virchow», XV, 173, 1858); «Zur Frage von dem Stofwechsel der Fette in thierischen Organismen» («Archive Virchow», XV, 380);»«Untersuchungen uber die Diffusion organischer Stoffe: 1) Diffusionsverhaltnisse der rothen Blutkorperchen ausserhalb des Organismus»(«Archive Virchow», XX, 26), and 2) «Ueber die Eigenthumlichkeiten des Gallenpigment hinsichtlich der Diffusion» («Archive Virchow», XX, 37), and 3) «Zur Frage des endosmotischen Verhalten des Eiweis» (ibid., XX, 39), "The case of thrombosis of the portal veins "(" Honey. Vestn. ", 1863, 37 and 38)," A preliminary report on the epidemic recurrent fever in St. Petersburg "(" Honey. Vest. ", 1864, № 46)," to the etiology of recurrent fever in St. Petersburg " ("Honey. B.", 1865, № 1) "Course of Internal Medicine" (No. 1 - 1867, no. 2nd - 1868 and no. 3rd - 1875); "A preliminary report on the epidemic of cholera "(annex № 3" Epidemiological. sheet "for 1871)," Archives of Internal Medicine "(7 vol. from 1869 to 1881)," Clinical Lectures ", 3 issues; published in 1881, which he edited "Clinical Weekly newspaper."
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