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Hercules — biography

Heracles

Hercules (ancient Greek Ἡρακλῆς, Latin herculēs; this article is in Russian Геракл) — the greatest hero of ancient Greek mythology, the son of the God Zeus and the mortal woman Alcmene. Endowed with extraordinary strength, he performed many feats; the most famous is the cycle of tales about the 12 exploits of Hercules; in addition, Hercules freed Prometheus, defeated Antaeus, and fought the centaurs. The cult of Hercules was very popular in Greece, and through the Greek colonists it spread early to Italy, where it was worshipped under the name of Hercules. The constellation Hercules is located in the Northern hemisphere of the sky.

Birth of Hercules and his childhood

Zeus took the form of the husband and cousin of Alcmene, the Theban king Amphitryon of Troizen, in order to conceive Heracles. Zeus stopped the sun, and their night lasted three days. On the night when Heracles was to be born[ru], Hera made Zeus swear that the one of the line of Perseus who was born today would be the Supreme king. Zeus tells the gods that the next baby, who belongs to the genus Perseus, will be the Lord of the Peloponnese. Hera, the wife of Zeus, guesses that her husband has deceived her. It delays the birth of Heracles to his mother and accelerates the birth of the premature Eurystheus, the son of Sphenelus (Heracles ' great-uncle) and Nicippa, also a Perseid. Zeus cannot break the oath, and Eurystheus gets the power. So Hercules for many years is in the service of his cowardly relative.

According to the Roman poet Ovid, the birthday of Hercules was celebrated on the day of the winter solstice, as well as the birthdays of other calendar gods. As Theocritus said, Heracles was ten months old when the sun left the twelfth constellation of the Zodiac, which means that Alcmene gave birth to him on the day of the vernal equinox, when the Italians, Babylonians and other peoples celebrated the New year. Then it is clear why it is said about Zeus that he illuminated the hall where the birth took place.

At birth, Hercules was named Alcides (λλκείδης) — "descendant of Alcaeus" (father of Amphitryon, son of Perseus), Alcaeus - grandfather of Hercules. His other grandfather, Electryon, father of Alcmene, son of Perseus, king of Mycenae, husband of Anaxo, was accidentally killed by Amphitryon. Alcides was known as Palemon before the name change.

The infant Hercules strangling snakes

The infant Hercules strangling snakes. Pompeian fresco

Hera was the foster mother of Hercules (the myth of Zeus and Rhea). Athena tricked Hera into breast-feeding Heracles. The baby hurt the goddess, and she tore it from her breast. The spurting stream of milk turned into the milky Way (having tasted this milk, Hercules became immortal).

When Heracles was a baby, two snakes were sent to his cradle by the jealous Hera. She wanted to kill Hercules. The brother of the future hero, the son of Alcmene and Amphitryon, saw the snakes, screamed, and Hercules grabbed and strangled the snake with his bare hands (option: harmless snakes sent Amphitryon to find out which of the twins is a demigod).

The myth of the infant Hercules is first found in Pindar. According to Pindar, the hero was short. Either Hercules was 7 feet (2.06 m) tall.

He was depicted as a child strangling snakes; a young man resting after a feat or performing a feat; a powerful bearded man armed with a club made of oak/ash/olive) and dressed in the skin of a Nemean lion that he had killed.

Youth

As a child, Hercules was dateform (bearing laurels) and brought the gift of Apollo Ismenius tripod.

Amphitryon invited the best teachers for his sons: castor (sword), Autolycus (wrestling), Eurytus (bow).

Heracles is a persecuted hero, who accidentally killed Lyra Lin, Orpheus ' brother; so he is forced to retire to the wooded Cytheron.

Annibale Carracci. The Choice Of Hercules

Annibale Carracci. The Choice Of Hercules

Two nymphs appeared to Hercules: Depravity and Virtue, they offered him a choice between the easy road of pleasure and the thorny path of labor and feats. Virtue persuaded Hercules to follow his own path with the following words: "That is in the world helpful and nice, the gods give nothing to people easily and care: want the gods were merciful to you, it is necessary to honor the gods; I want to be loved by friends to do good friends; if you want to enjoy honor in a city, you must benefit the city, you want to excite the delight of all Hellas with your virtues, you must try to do good to Hellas. My friends enjoy eating and drinking without any trouble, because they are waiting for them to have a need for it. Their sleep is sweeter than that of the idle; it is not difficult for them to leave it, and they do not neglect their duties because of it.

The young rejoice in the praise older, the elderly are proud of the respect the young; they like to remember their old deeds, are happy to sing these, because thanks to me useful to the gods, dear friends, honor the Fatherland. And when the end appointed by fate comes, they do not lie forgotten and inglorious, but, remaining in memory, forever bloom in songs. If you do such works, a child of good parents, Heracles, it is possible for you to attain this blissful happiness! (Xenophon's Memoirs of Socrates). There is an allegory of the Sophist Prodicus of Keos (V century BC). E.) " Hercules at the crossroads "("the Choice of Hercules"), reproduced in Xenophon's "Memorabilia".

In the mountains of Cithaeron Heracles kills the lion, takes the skin off. Since then, he has been wearing it constantly.

When the hero was about to hunt a lion, king Thespius welcomed him for 50 days and sent one of his daughters to him every night, including the eldest Procris, who later bore him 50 sons. According to another version, the hero married all his daughters in one night, except for one who did not want to, then he condemned her to remain a girl and a priestess in his temple. Gemini Antillean and HIPPA from Prakriti, and some twins from the youngest. Gregory of Nazianzus ironically said that Hercules performed his "thirteenth feat" that night.

Heracles defeated the king of Orchomenus erginus, to whom Thebes paid tribute. In this battle, Amphitryon, the stepfather of Hercules, was killed. Heracles cut off the noses of the messengers from Orchomenus, which is why there was a statue of Heracles Rhinocolustes (nose-Pruner) in Thebes. When the orchomenians came with an army, Heracles tied up their team horses, which caused the temple of Heracles Hippodetes (the horse Binder) to be erected. After defeating the orchomenians, Hercules dedicated the marble lion to the temple of Artemis Eucleia in Thebes. (Blunder is an epithet of Hercules in Thebes).

The king of Thebes, CREON, gave his daughter Megara to Hercules as a wife. Their children (several sons called Alcides) and the children of his twin brother Iphicles were killed by Hercules in a fit of madness sent by the Hero, and Megara was given in marriage to Iolaus-the nephew, the son of Iphicles, the faithful companion and assistant of Hercules.

Hercules began to mourn when he had an attack of insanity. Then Hercules went to the Delphic Oracle for advice on how he could atone for the crime. According to the Delphic Pythia, to perform ten feats in the service of a cousin of the Mycenaean king Eurystheus. And only after that he can receive the forgiveness of the gods and immortality. Zeus made a Pact with Hera that Heracles would not be ruled by Eurystheus for the rest of His life[ru]. The Pythian gave Alcides the name "Hercules" ("hero glorified by the goddess"), by which He will be known from now on.

When Hercules had come to Delphi, the priestess of Xenobia didn't want to broadcast him from killing Iphicles. Hercules took the tripod and carried it out, but then returned it. There is a story that Heracles and Apollo quarreled over the tripod, and when they reconciled, they built the city of Githion in Laconica together. At Delphi, there was a sculptural group depicting the struggle: Leto and Artemis calm Apollo, Athena holds Hercules. The struggle for the tripod between Herakles and Apollo allegedly depicted on the relief from Olympia about 720 BC Or Zeus to reconcile them. According to a rare version, Hercules took the tripod to Fenei (Arcadia).

Hercules is physically strong, which is legendary. No one can defeat him: angry giants, angry bulls, terrible snakes. As a demigod, he tends to protect people.

According to the myths, Hercules, with the consent of Zeus, freed Prometheus. In exchange, the centaur Chiron gave away his gift of immortality.

Hercules won the fight ante, after which the widow Anthea Tingis gave birth to Hercules, son of Sopaka. Hercules took part in the struggle of the gods with the giants, and also participated in the Argonauts ' campaign with his young lover Hylas. On one of the Islands, captured by its beauty, the Naiads kidnapped a young man (according to another version, he drowned).

According to Dionysius of Mytilene and Demaratus, Hercules sailed to Colchis. According to most authors, he was abandoned when he went ashore at magnesia in search of water, or broke an oar and went into the woods for a new one.

In all his life, Hercules swore only once-before Philaeus (the son of Augius). When he conquered Elida, he built a temple to Apollo of Pythia in Arcadia, next to which were the graves of his fallen comrades.

Heracles defeated king Augius of Elis and established the Olympic games. The fourth day of the month was dedicated to Hercules because every fourth year belonged to him as the founder of the Olympic games.

At the Olympic games, Heracles won in wrestling and at the funeral games for Pelius, Heracles won in pancratia. According to other authors, he fought with Zeus, and the contest ended in a draw. Set an Olympic stage length of 600 feet. In running, he overcame stages without taking a breath, which is why he was named stages. Built an altar to Zeus in Didymus. When he sacrificed at Olympia, he was fed up with flies. He made a sacrifice to Zeus Apomio ("driving away of the flies") and drove the flies for Alpheus (Romans offered sacrifices to Hercules, Abomey).

Hercules fought with the Egyptian king Busiris, who sacrificed foreigners, as well as with the Italian giant Cacus and with the God of death[ru] Thanatos (Thanatos), restoring to life the dead wife of his friend Admetus, defeated Thanat.

12 feats of Hercules

The canonical scheme of 12 feats (ἔργα "deeds" or πόνοι "labors", "hardships") was first established by Pisander of Rhodes in the poem "Hercules". The order of feats is not the same for all authors. In total, the Pythia ordered Heracles to perform 10 feats, but Eurystheus did not count 2 of them. I had to perform two more and it turned out 12. In 8 years and one month, he completed the first 10 feats, in 12 years-everything.

1 feat. Hercules received an order from Eurystheus, he must get the skin of a lion that lives near the city of Nemea. No weapon can hurt this lion.

Hercules tries to hit the lion with arrows, but is unsuccessful. Then the hero decides to drive the lion into its lair and stuns it with a blow of a club and strangles it with his hands. With the claws of the same dead lion, he removes the skin. Hercules puts on the skin of the Nemean lion, and he becomes invulnerable.

The Nemean lion - in ancient Greek mythology, the son of Typhon and Echidna, a lion of monstrous size with an incredibly hard skin, which is why it did not take any weapons. Either born of Echidna and ORF, nursed by Hero, reigned in the region of Apesanthus, Nemea, and Treta; or nursed by Selene, or spawned by Selene. For Gerador and Anaxagorou fell from the moon.

Battle of Hercules with the lernaean Hydra

Battle of Hercules with the lernaean Hydra

2 feat. Eurystheus forces Hercules to kill a terrible Hydra-a nine-headed snake. It destroys livestock and breath kills anyone who tries to approach the swamp, which is located near the city of Lerna.

In the snake, the hero cuts off several heads, but two new ones grow in each place of the severed heads. Then Hercules calls his nephew Iolaus for help, who cauterizes the snake's wounds with fire,and the heads no longer grow. The hero cuts off the main head, which has immortality, cuts the body of the Hydra, and smears the points of arrows with deadly bile. Having learned that Iolaus helped Heracles, Eurystheus does not credit this feat to Heracles.

Lernaean Hydra (ancient Greek Ὕδρα, "water") - in ancient Greek mythology, the daughter of Typhon and Echidna, a snake-like monster with a poisonous breath that lived in underground waters.

Hercules and Stymphalian birds-mosaic

Hercules, who shoots with a bowStymphalian bird

Hercules and the Stymphalian birds (Испания)

Hercules, who shoots with a bow

The stymphalian bird

3 feat of Hercules-on the Stymphalian swamp to exterminate The stymphalian man-eating birds, which had iron feathers, beak and claws.

Stymphalian birds — in ancient Greek mythology, birds of prey that lived near the Arcadian city of Stymphalus. They were fed by Ares and had copper beaks, wings, and claws. They attacked people and animals. Their most formidable weapons were their feathers, which the birds rained down on the ground like arrows. They devoured the crops in the area, or they also ate people. According to Pausanias, Simplydemi called birds who are found in Arabia. In Stymphalus there was a temple of Artemis of Stymphalia with statues of girls with bird's feet.

Hercules and trineisha DOE

Hercules and trineisha DOE

4 feat — the capture of live deer Karinauskas and deliver it to Mycenae. This was a difficult task, since no one could catch up with a DOE that did not know fatigue.

Kerinean fallow deer — in ancient Greek mythology, a wonderful, tireless fallow deer of Artemis with Golden horns and copper legs, who lived in Oinoe. It was dedicated to Artemis Taigeta. The creature was sent by Artemis to Arcadia as a punishment for humans: the fallow deer ravaged the fields. According to Callimachus, there were five fallow deer, larger than a bull, with Golden horns, grazing at Anaurus, four were overtaken by Artemis and harnessed to her chariot, but one escaped at the will of Hera.

Укрощение Гераклом Эриманфского вепря

The taming of Hercules with the erymanthean boar

5 feat - taming the Erymanthian boar, trampling the harvest and the battle of the Centaurs. During this feat, Hercules accidentally wounded the centaur Chiron, his teacher, with an arrow poisoned in the venom of the lernaean Hydra. The centaur died in agony. (Hercules and the centaurs mentioned in the comedies Apifarma, Timoclea, Linkeya Samian, Nicoara, Felina, Fearnet).

The erymanthian boar — in ancient Greek mythology, a huge boar that lived on mount Erymanthus and ravaged the vicinity of the city of Psophis in Arcadia on mount Lampea.

Centaurs — in Greek mythology, forest or mountain demons, half-humans, half-horses, wine-addicted companions of Dionysus.

6 feat is that Hercules must clear the stables of Augius of a large amount of fetid manure.

The hero suggested that they give him a tenth of the herd, and he will clear the stables in one day. The king agreed. Then Hercules, thanks to his power, diverted the waters of two rivers to a new channel. And rivers began to flow through the barnyard, washing it out completely. Having cleared the barnyard, Augius did not want to give the cattle to Hercules. Then Hercules decided to kill the king. And Eurystheus did not count this feat to Heracles because Heracles demanded payment.

Augean stable

Augean stable

Augius (Avgeus, Augeas, ancient Greek Αὐγέᾱς, Αὐγείᾱς "Shining") — in ancient Greek mythology, the king of the epei tribe in Elis, the son of Helios and Girmina, had Numerous herds, for which huge stables were built in the barnyard (the so-called "Augean Stables", which actually contained primarily bulls and goats). Mentioned in the Iliad in the story of Nestor (XI 701).

7 feat

Геракл и Критский бык

Hercules and the bull of Crete

7 feat - the God Poseidon gave a beautiful bull to the Cretan king Minos, so that Minos could sacrifice the bull to the sea God. And Minos doesn't want to kill the bull. Then God sent the bull into a frenzy. The bull ravaged the island and kept all the inhabitants of the city in fear. Hercules, going to the island of Crete, fights with a bull, but still tamed it and, holding it on his back, swam across the sea. It took Hercules several days to tame the ferocious Cretan bull.

Cretan bull (later Marathon bull) — in ancient Greek mythology, the bull of the Cretan king Minos. According to Acusilaus and Euripides, this bull transported Europe for Zeus (it is generally believed that Zeus himself became a bull).

8 feat. Past year. Hercules performed the 8th feat, which consists in capturing mares that are fed with the human flesh of strangers. The hero defeated king Diomedes, stole his horses and brought them to Eurystheus. Abder, a young man, son of the God Hermes; was eaten by the horses of Diomedes.

Hercules and the horses of Diomedes

Hercules and the horses of Diomedes

Horses of Diomedes — in ancient Greek mythology, the horses of Diomedes, king of the bistones, who lived in Thrace. These horses were incredibly beautiful animals, and no bonds could hold them, so the animals were chained in their stalls. The king fed his animals with human flesh.

In the ninth feat of Heracles fought with the militant Amazons. He had to steal the magic belt of the God Ares, which was in the possession of the Amazon Queen Hippolyta.

Hercules and the Amazons

Wounded Amazon

Hercules and the Amazons

Wounded Amazon

Amazons (ancient Greek ἀμαζόνες — etymology is not known for certain) - in ancient Greek mythology, a people consisting exclusively of women who did not tolerate their husbands, went on campaigns under the leadership of their Queen and formed a special warlike state. Descended from Ares and Harmony. In order to reproduce, the Amazons interacted with men of other Nations. They sent the boys who were born to their fathers (according to another legend, they killed them), but they kept the girls and raised new Amazons from them.

Hercules and the Cows of Geryon

Hercules and the Cows of Geryon

The tenth feat is stealing the cows of the three-headed giant Geryon. According to the story, when Hercules went to get cows, he had a two-headed dog and a bronze pot, he climbed the trunk of an alder tree and reached Erithia. At this time, Hercules placed the pillars of Hercules on the sides of Gibraltar.

Cows of Geryon — in ancient Greek mythology, the cows of the giant Geryon, who had three torsos, three heads and six arms and legs. Geryon was the son of Chrysaor and oceanida Kalliroi. Herding their flocks of Geryon on the island of the Western ocean.

In the garden of the Hesperides-painting by Frederick Leighton, 1892

In the garden of the Hesperides. Frederick Leighton, 1892

The eleventh feat. Performing his 11th feat, Hercules must steal from the gardens of the Hesperides apples of eternal youth made of gold, which were given by the earth mother Gaia to Hera. Fearing Hera's wrath, Eurystheus did not take the apples from Heracles, and Athena returned the apples to the gardens. While traveling for apples, Hercules threatened Helios with a bow and crossed the sea in A Helios Cup (or cauldron), then threatened the Ocean with a bow. Wounded Helios with an arrow.

Frustrated, Eurystheus realized that he would not be able to get rid of Hercules.

Hesperides (ancient Greek Ἑσπερίδες) — in ancient Greek mythology, nymphs, daughters of Hesperus — the Evening Star and Nyukta — Night (according to another version — the daughters of Forkis and Keto), guarding Golden apples.

Геракл и Цербер

Hercules and Cerberus

The twelfth feat for Hercules: he must bring Cerberus, the three-headed dog that guards the Kingdom of Hades, Eurystheus. In the hope that Hercules will not return from the Kingdom, but Hercules copes with this feat. To do this, Hercules has to strangle the dog with his powerful hands, and then let it go to the Kingdom of shadows, so that it protects the Kingdom.

CerberusCerberus (also Kerber, from the ancient Greek Κέρβερος) - in Greek mythology, the offspring of Typhon and Echidna (Tartarus and Gaia), a three-headed dog with a poisonous mixture flowing from its mouths. Theogony 310; Gigin. Myths 151). Kerber guarded the exit from the realm of the dead Hades, not allowing the dead to return to the world of the living. However, this amazing creature was defeated by Hercules.

Kerber had the appearance of a three-headed dog with a snake's tail, on the back of the head of a snake, as creepy as his mother. According to other descriptions, it has 50 heads, or 100 heads, and in other mythology it is depicted with a human body with one head of a mad dog with a powerful body and arms. In one of them the severed head of a bull that killed with its breath and in the other hand the head of a goat that struck victims with its gaze. In works of vase painting, he was sometimes depicted as two-headed.

Cerberus shadow horoscope.

The death of Hercules, and the deification

Hercules completed his feats, but his trials did not end. Hercules invaded Messenia and defeated Neleus. At Pylos, Hercules fought Poseidon, Apollo, and Hades.

Heracles broke the horn of the river God Acheloi while fighting him over his last wife, Deianira, daughter of the king of Aetolia/The kalidon Oinea, sisters of Meleager, the friend of Hercules. From her: Gill-the eldest son of Hercules and Macarius, a daughter who sacrifices herself to the gods to win the battle.

Геракл убивает Несса
Hercules kills Nessus

While traveling, Hercules and Deianira had to cross a river that overflowed. On the back of the centaur Nessus sat Deianira, who agreed to take her across the river, but he wants to kidnap her. Then Hercules decided to shoot an arrow at the centaur. The dying Nessus deceived Deianira by telling Her that his blood could be used as a love potion. Deianira collected some of his poisoned blood.

This bow and arrow was later given to Philoctetes by the dying Hercules, a plot important in the Trojan war. During a hike to Hades Heracles freed Theseus from there, Pirita and Alceste, the wife of Admetus. Hercules saved Hesiona, the daughter of the king of Troy Laomedon, from the monster; without receiving a reward, he destroyed Troy, leaving only one of the king's sons alive, young Priam.

Геркулес и Омфала
Hercules and Omphale

Other wives of Hercules: omphala, Queen of Lydia. She dressed Hercules in a woman's dress and made him spin, and she walked in his armor.

Avga, their children: Phone. He was abandoned as an infant, and after wonderful adventures found his mother with king Teutras in Mysia, of whom he became the heir, and was wounded by Achilles at the first landing of the Greeks. In Pergamon, he was revered as a national hero.

Chalkiope, daughter of Euripilus, king of the island of KOs. Their children: Thessalus, Iola, daughter of Eurytus. Heracles accidentally killed his friend Iphitus, brother of Iola and son of Eurytus, king of Oichalia. For this, he voluntarily went into slavery to Omphale. Captivated Kirkorov.

Hercules captured Iola. Deianira, jealous of her, decided to use the magic blood of the centaur, and sent her husband through the messenger Lihas clothes soaked in the blood of Nessus to return his love. But the blood of Nessus, who died from an arrow smeared with poison, has already turned to poison.

The Death Of Hercules

Hercules at the stake
Hercules at the stake

Hercules, writhing in pain, tried to tear off all the clothes that were soaked in the blood of Nessus and stripped off with the skin[ru]. Deianira realized that she herself had killed her husband, committed suicide by throwing herself on the sword. According to Ptolemy hephaestion, when he reached the age of 50 and found that he could no longer draw his bow, Hercules threw himself into the fire to get rid of the torment. A large bonfire agreed to set fire to Philoctetes (or Heracles was burned on mount ETA by his sons). The river Diras tried to extinguish the funeral pyre of Hercules. Hercules died in the fire and gained immortality.

According to some authors, Hercules died at the age of 52. Heracles ascended to heaven, was accepted as one of the gods, and Hera, reconciled to him, married her daughter Hebe, the goddess of eternal youth. Their children: Alexiares and Aniket-twins, Junior gods, guardians of Olympus.

Heracles'

The heraclides are a line of descendants of Heracles, who were expelled from the Peloponnese, returned, according to legend, in the seventh generation from Heracles, along with the Dorians, 1104 before Birth of Christ[ru] and took possession of Argos, Messenia and Lacedaemon. In Laconia, they initiated two Royal families that reigned there until 221 before Birth of Christ. Other children of Heracles: Tlepolemus, killed his uncle Lycimnius, fled to Rhodes, where he founded several cities; killed at Troy and Scythian, an Archer.

Hercules lived happily on Olympus, and his Ghost was in Hades. When the gods fled to Egypt, Hercules turned into a fawn.

The Cult Of Hercules

The cult of Hercules was very popular in Greece, and through the Greek colonists it spread early to Italy, where the hero was revered under the name of Hercules (Latin Herculēs). The Greeks identified Heracles with the Phoenician Melkart. Kinship with the Babylonian Gilgamesh. The Celts revered him as the patron of bard writing and art. They followed the tradition that Heracles was an idealistic Dactyl, which they called Ogmius.

"Many paradoxical fictions concerning the exploits and lovers of Hercules are contained in Ptolemy hephaestion." According to Ptolemy hephaestion, in the cult hymn of the Thebans, Hercules was called the son of Zeus and Hera. The variety of myths about Heracles and the presence of similar heroes among other peoples led ancient philologists to assume that several people bore this name. The Roman scholar Varro counted 24 Heracles, and John Lydus counted 7. according to Ptolemy hephaestion, in the cult hymn of the Thebans, Heracles was called the son of Zeus and Hera. According to Cotta's speech, there were six Heracles:

Hercules in art

In the literature

Different versions of the myths of Hercules were reflected in the works of ancient authors: in the "Iliad", the Sophocles tragedy "of Troyanki" in BC and "Philoctetes" (as a deity), as well as in his plays: sotirovski dram "Hercules baby", "Hercules on the Thenar, or Cerberus"; from Euripides - "Herakles" ("Hercules mad"), "Raging Hercules", in century BC, in his tragedy "Alcestis", "Auga" and "Heraclides"; in Pausanias - "Description of Greece"; in Hesiod, "the Shield of Hercules."

Homer's XV hymn and the XII Orphic hymn were dedicated to Hercules. He is the current face of the tragedies of Aeschylus "Prometheus freed", sotirovski drama "the Messengers" (the messengers of Ergin); the comedies of Aristophanes "Birds" and "Frogs" (as God), Comedy Epharma "Hercules in Foul", tragedies TimeShift, Antigamente the Younger, Diogenes, Lycophron, tragedy Spinfire "Burned Hercules", an unknown author, "Hercules Heta", tragedies of Seneca "the mad Hercules" and "Hercules at Heta".

Authors of other works about Hercules: Jean Rotrou "the Death of Hercules"; Jean Francois Marmontel. "The Death Of Hercules"; Pietro Metastasio; Funk Wedekind. Drama " Hercules "(1916-1917); Friedrich Reinhold Durrenmatt; Henry Lyon Oldie. "The hero must be alone", "Odysseus, son of Laertes".

Hercules in sculpture and painting

Hercules is found in plastic and new European painting (Paolo Veronese's Choice of Hercules (C. 1580), Peter Paul Rubens, Jacopo Robusti Tintoretto. "The origin of the milky way", Antonio Pollaiolo "Hercules and anteus", "Hercules and Hydra" (1478). Uffizi; Lucas Cranach the elder. Hercules and Omphale (1537); Guido Reni. "Hercules and the lernaean Hydra" (1620). Louvre; Pompeo Batoni. "Hercules at the crossroads". (1765) the Hermitage Museum; Thomas HART Benton, "Achelous and Hercules" (1947). Smithsonian American Art Museum; Salvador Dali. "Hercules lifts the skin of the sea and momentarily stops Venus from awakening Love" (1963)].

Statuette of Hercules in the Museum of the Ancient AgoraHercules of the Bull forum (II century BC)"Hercules the Archer". Statue from the pe

Statuette of Hercules in the Museum of the Ancient Agora (Athens)

Hercules of the Bull forum (II century BC)Hercules of the Bull forum (II century BC)

"Hercules the Archer". Statue from the pediment of the temple of Athena in Aegina

Other sculptures and statuettes of the hero:

In Heraclea Minoan minted a coin with the image of Hercules, dedicated to his cult. Game of Heraclea, the festival in honour of Heracles in Sicyon, Thebes, consisted of jokes and amusements. Established to commemorate his death, they were held on the second day of the month of metageitnion. According to marathon residents, it was among them that Hercules first became revered as a God. Phocis was the sanctuary of Heracles the Misogynist, whose priest must not sleep with a woman for a year.

Epithets Of Hercules

Hercules in music

Modern culture

Agatha Christie gave the name "Hercules "(the French version of the name" Hercules") to her clever middle-aged little character in 1926 for greater contrast effect. In 1947, she created the book "the Exploits of Hercules" — a collection of 12 short stories, entitled in honor of a feat, where Poirot solves another riddle.

Hercules is also mentioned in the Bridget Mendler song "City Lights".

Hercules in the cinema

Hercules in computer games

In meal

Hercules is a Soviet brand of oatmeal. It was so popular that oatmeal porridge in the USSR[ru] was often called Herculean.

In astronomy

Hercules is placed among the constellations: either as a kneeling Man (his victory over the dragon at the Hesperides is depicted, or, according to Aeschylus, a victory over the Ligurians); or as an Ophiuchus, for he strangled the serpent at the Sagaris river in Lydia; or became a constellation of Gemini with Theseus or Apollo. The constellation Hercules is located in the Northern hemisphere of the sky. The asteroid (532) Herculina, discovered in 1904, and the crater Hercules on the moon are named after Hercules.

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