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Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. - biography

Joseph Robinette Biden

Joseph Robinette Biden, Jr. (this article is in Russian - Джо Байден) - is an American[ru] statesman and politician. 46th President of the United States since January 20, 2021. The zodiac sign is Scorpio.

Biden defeated incumbent President Donald Trump[ru] in the 2020 election at the age of 77, becoming the oldest 46th president in the country's history at the time of his election. 47th Vice President of the United States from January 20, 2009 to January 20, 2017; assumed office at the same time as Barack Obama[ru] on January 20, 2009. Prior to being elected Vice President, he was a U.S. Senator from Delaware (from 1973 to 2009). Member of the Democratic Party.

Childhood and education

Joseph Biden was born on November 20, 1942 in the working-class town of Scranton, Pennsylvania, USA to a Catholic family of immigrants from Northern Ireland.

Joseph's father, Joseph Robinette Biden Sr. (1915-2002), was a small business owner who sold used cars[ru]. Joseph Biden was the first of four children descended from his mother, Catherine Eugenia (Jean) Finnegan (1917-2010), according to various sources, from County Louth in Ireland or from County Derry. His paternal great-great-grandfather, William Biden, was born in Sussex, England, and emigrated to the United States. His great-grandfather, Edward F. Blewitt, was a member of the Pennsylvania Senate. He has two brothers, James Bryan and Francis, and a sister, Valerie Owens.

Pictured is Joe Biden as a child:

Joseph Robinette Biden as a child

Joseph Biden studied St. Helena High School in Wilmington, and then the private preparatory school "Archmere Academy" in Claymont, Delaware, where he became a member of the student football team and showed good success in football. Joe also played baseball. He later attended the University of Delaware, graduating in 1965 with a bachelor's degree in history and political science. Biden graduated from Syracuse University Law School in New York State with a juris doctor degree in 1968. According to the recollections of his fellow students, he was a mediocre student, but he had outstanding leadership qualities. Biden was directly involved in student life and was elected class president several times.

As a child, Biden stuttered a lot, but his speech improved when he "changed his third decade." Biden said he was able to improve his speech by reading poetry in front of a mirror.

Pictured is Joe Biden in his youth:

Joseph Robinette Biden in his youth

Political career

In 1968, Biden participated in the campaign to support the Republican candidate for governor of Delaware. But Republican attempts to attract Biden to his party failed because of his dislike of Republican President Richard Nixon (1968-1974). Despite the dislike, Biden did not support the movement against the Vietnam War, and he avoided conscription due to asthma.

In 1969, Biden joined the Democratic Party and founded the private law firm Biden and Walsh, which, in addition to criminal and corporate cases, was engaged in property management.

Pictured is Joe Biden as a young man:

Joseph Robinette Biden as a young man

Joseph Biden became the fifth-youngest senator in U.S. history at the age of 30 (the minimum age to become a senator) and has since been re-elected from Delaware. In 1974, the Times editorial board included Senator Biden among the "200 faces of the future who will make history", referring to the democratic attitude to civil rights, and as a conservative, noting the negative attitude to abortion.

As a Senator, Biden was involved in the development and implementation of many bills, including the sensational and extremely tough "Anti-Crime Act" of 1984. It expanded criminal liability for cyber fraud and hostage-taking, increased responsibility for the cultivation and sale of marijuana, and allowed the confiscation of property from members of organized crime groups.

The politician also voted for a law prohibiting homosexuals from serving in the military and for a law banning same-sex marriage, which was later repealed under President Barack Obama.

Biden was a fierce opponent of racial integration in schools (when black students were forced to attend schools for whites). He believed that "the disordered abolition of segregation would turn schools into a racial jungle." This caused protests from his constituents.

The so-called "three-error system" was introduced, which is still in effect in 28 states: long sentences are given to criminals only after the third offense. As a result, crime has indeed decreased, but the number of prisoners has increased dramatically, and mainly among national minorities. Therefore, Biden's supporters were mostly people with white color skin[ru].

In 1988, Biden was diagnosed with an aneurysm of two vessels of the brain, in critical condition, he was taken to the hospital, where he underwent emergency surgery. Seven months later, Biden was able to return to work in the Senate.

Pictured: Joe Biden - US Senator:

Joseph Robinette Biden US Senator

Biden focused his work in the Senate around environmental and civil rights issues. He played a key role in shaping U.S. international policy, dealing with issues such as weapons of mass destruction, terrorism, post-Cold War Europe, and regions such as the Middle East and Southwest Asia. In the field of foreign policy, he maintained a dialogue with the USSR[ru] on the reduction of nuclear weapons. In 1983, he opposed the Reagan Administration's Strategic Missile Defense Initiative, which he considered a violation of treaties previously reached by the United States with the USSR.

In 1979 and 1988, Senator Biden visited Moscow twice at the invitation of the Soviet leadership, was received by Alexey Kosygin and Andrey Gromyko, and discussed disarmament issues.

From 1987-1995, Biden served as head of the Senate Judiciary Committee. He promoted the adoption of a number of laws against violence against women in the family and on mandatory verification by the seller of the buyer's personal information when selling firearms. Supported international initiatives to control carbon emissions and greenhouse gases.

Through his work on the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Biden was named one of the"Twelve People Who Changed the World." Biden was actively involved in resolving conflicts in the Balkans; in 1993, he held a meeting with the President of Yugoslavia, Slobodan Milosevic, at which he accused him of war crimes and promised him a trial. In 1999, he supported the NATO military operation against Yugoslavia. Biden was also a supporter of removing Saddam Hussein, who, according to him, posed a threat to national security.

Biden often acted in the interests of the Armenian lobby and in 1995-2007 was a member of the Group on Armenian Affairs of the US Congress. He voted for the adoption of the anti-Azerbaijani Amendment 907 and for the allocation of American financial assistance to Armenia and the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic in 1992-2008.

Joseph served as Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee three times (2001-2003 and 2007-2009).

Biden was a supporter of the military campaigns in Afghanistan in 2001 and in Iraq in 2003. He supported the withdrawal of troops from Iraq and opposed the build-up of the American military contingent in that country. He was one of the main opponents of the campaign launched by George W. Bush in December 2001 to withdraw from the Soviet-American ABM Treaty of 1972, and believed that this would negatively affect relations with Russia[ru]. Biden called the campaign a "theological mission " motivated by" ideological bias and commitment "that led to"total madness."

Biden is the author of the bill, which on September 26, 2007, the US Senate passed a resolution on supporting a federal state system in Iraq: a federation of three regions — Kurdish, Sunni and Shiite.

In 2008, Biden was one of the most experienced senators, having served as a representative from Delaware for 35 years. Before the 2008 presidential election, Biden fought for the Democratic nomination, but withdrew from the primaries on January 3 and concentrated on running for a new term in the Senate from Delaware.

Primaries (English primaries, mn. — primary ← English primary elections — preliminary elections) — a type of voting in which one candidate from a political party is selected.

Working with Barack Obama

Pictured are Joe Biden and Barack Obama:

Joe Robinette Biden and Barack Obama

After Barack Obama became the Democratic nominee, he chose Joseph Biden as the candidate for Vice President on August 23, 2008. Biden then continued his senate campaign. On November 4, 2008, the Democratic nominee (Obama-Biden) won the vote; on the same day, Biden was also elected Senator from Delaware for a new term. As Vice President, he paid close attention to foreign policy issues. He has repeatedly visited Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Supported the federalization of Iraq.

Biden was actually the main curator of the Obama administration's foreign policy course, paying special attention to Iraq, Syria and the former Soviet republics. He supported the intervention of the NATO-led coalition in Libya and the arming of the Syrian opposition. He was one of the active participants in the process of ratification of the treaty with Russia on the reduction of strategic offensive arms (START-3).

In September 2012, the Democratic Party of the United States again nominated Biden for the post of Vice President to participate in the elections on November 6, 2012 (paired with the current President Obama). The Obama — Biden couple won this election, and both were re-elected for a second term.

The presidential race in the United States

In December 2016, Biden told reporters that he did not rule out running for president in 2020.

In February 2017, after the arrival of the new president, the former Vice president decided to teach international diplomacy to students at the University of Pennsylvania. Joe Biden also headed the new Penn Biden Center for Diplomacy and Global Engagement, which focuses primarily on diplomacy, foreign policy, and national security.

On April 25, 2019, Joseph Biden announced his participation in the US presidential election in November 2020, posting a message on Twitter with the text "The basic values of this nation… Our position in the world… Our democracy... everything that made America America is at stake. That is why today I am announcing my candidacy for the US presidential election." At the same time, Biden became the 20th politician to declare his intention to seek the nomination from the Democratic Party in the 2020 elections.

The report of Biden's doctor[ru], published by the politician's campaign headquarters, states that Biden, for health reasons[ru], can serve as head of state, is "healthy[ru] and active", and the candidate "does not have any diseases[ru] or violations that could prevent him from being the head of the American administration." According to the doctor, Biden sometimes has a violation of the normal rhythm of heart[ru] contractions, but this does not create serious difficulties. The report also said that Biden regularly exercises, does not smoke and does not drink alcohol. One day, he said: "There were enough alcoholics in my own family."

Critics of Joe Biden also do not tire of reminding about his age and possible health problems. The 77-year-old politician does often speak up during public speeches, slurring words or making strange statements. For example, at a meeting with voters in Los Angeles in March 2020, Biden introduced his sister Valerie to the audience, while pointing hand to his wife who was standing next to him. Such incidents give rise to his opponents to speculate that the former vice president develops senile dementia, although this diagnosis has never been officially confirmed by anyone.

Biden is known for his reservations and extravagant statements. So, in September 2020, he said that the incandescent light bulb was invented not by Thomas Edison, but by a dark-skinned craftsman Lewis Howard Latimer.

Personal life and family

Pictured is Joe Biden with his first wife and sons:

Joe Robinette Biden with his first wife and sons

Joe met his first wife in 1964. Nelia Hunter, like him, went to Syracuse University. The couple born[ru] three children: sons Beau (1969-2015) and Robert Hunter (born February 4, 1970) and daughter Naomi Christina. Joe Biden knows firsthand what it means to lose a spouse and bury a child. Because of the tragedy in his own family, he almost ended his career-not once, but twice.

Just before Christmas[ru] 1972, Nelia and their one-year-old daughter Naomi were killed in a car[ru] accident. Bo and Hunter were also in the car, but they survived with serious injuries. Taking care of them came out on top for Biden.

At first, Biden wanted to give up the post of senator, but in the end he was persuaded not to do so. On January 5, 1973, he was sworn in at the hospital where his sons were lying. The young senator began to take the train from Delaware to Washington and back every day, spending an hour and a half on the road. His sister Valerie had moved in with him to take care of the children.

Pictured is Joe Biden and his wife Jill:

Joe Robinette Biden and his wife Jill

She lived in her brother's house until 1977, when Biden married his current wife, Jill Tracy Jacobs, who teaches English at the university and heads the Breast Cancer Society. In 1981, they had a daughter, Ashley Blazer. She is an entrepreneur and philanthropist, working as a social worker in the Department of Family and Youth in Delaware.

Bo's eldest son had served as Delaware's Attorney General since 2007 and was considered a top contender for the next governor of that state. Hunter Biden was a co-owner of a law firm, and on May 12, 2014, together with former Polish President Alexander Kwasniewski, he joined the management of the English company Burisma Holdings Limited, which is engaged in oil and gas production in Ukraine and aims to diversify energy supplies to this country. Hunter was involved in promoting the company in international organizations.

Bad luck continued to haunt Biden. In 2015, he served as vice president in the Obama administration and worked with him on a bill that would guarantee access to health care for millions of low-income families. At this time, Biden's eldest son Beau died of brain cancer[ru] at the age of 46.

In November 2017, Joe Biden's memoir "Promise Me, Dad" was published in the United States. The politician dedicated this book to his son Bo. The memoir contains three parallel storylines-directly debilitating illness and the death[ru] of son in May 2015. Biden's own decision not to run for the Democratic presidential nomination in 2016 and cede the battle to Hillary Clinton. His work as Vice President for Crisis Management in Iraq, Central America and Ukraine. As the title of the book, Biden used his son's phrase "Promise me, Dad, that you will be all right." Beau, who was dying of cancer, asked his father some time before his death to bravely survive the impending loss.

Allegations of corruption

Biden was considered an unofficial curator of the Ukrainian direction in the Obama administration. The press accused Biden and his son Hunter of having ties to the Ukrainian gas oligarch, former Minister of Ecology, as well as the owner of Burisma Holdings, Mykola Zlochevsky. Burisma Holding includes several Ukrainian oil and gas companies, including Esco-Pivnich and Pari. The company was registered in Cyprus in 2002 and is engaged in the development of deposits in the Dnieper-Donetsk, Carpathian and Azov-Kuban basins.

According to The New York Times, during his visit to Ukraine in March 2016, Biden threatened to delay the provision of US guarantees for a loan to Ukraine in the amount of $ 1 billion if the prosecutor General, who was accused of inaction in the fight against corruption, was not dismissed, whose responsibility included possible offenses in the activities of Burisma Holdings (Prosecutor General Viktor Shokin was dismissed on April 3, 2016).

On September 23, Republican Senators Ron Johnson and Chuck Grassley released a report on Hunter Biden's questionable dealings. The document describes millions of money transfers related to Biden Jr.'s work at Burisma in Ukraine. The report alleges that he received significant sums from individuals associated with the Chinese Communist Party, as well as from Elena Baturina, the widow of former Moscow Mayor Yuri Luzhkov.

On the day of the official announcement of Joe Biden's participation in the election campaign, Hunter's son resigned from the board of directors of Burisma Holdings. Hunter Biden was removed from the U.S. Navy Reserve on October 17, 2014, for using cocaine. His main place of work is the law firm Schiller & Flexner LLP, based in New York.

Pictured is Joe Biden and his son Hunter Biden:

Joe Robinette Biden and his son Robert Hunter Biden

In October 2019, during a televised debate, Biden said that he did not see a conflict of interest between his work in the public service and the inclusion of his son Hunter in the board of the gas company Burisma in Ukraine, saying — "my son did not do anything reprehensible. I didn't do anything wrong. ... There was no conflict of interest. My son made the decision on his own (to work in Ukraine), and I am proud of the choice he made."

On August 11, 2020, Biden selected California Senator Kamala Harris, the first Asian-American and African — American woman to be nominated for Vice president.

In late December 2019, Biden, answering questions from voters in New Hampshire, did not rule out the possibility of taking the Republican running mate in his presidential race. At the same time in recent US history there were cases when the candidate in presidents from Democrats or Republicans chose his partner in the race and a contender for the post of Vice-President representative of the other party, in addition to its.

On June 5, 2020, Joe Biden officially won the Democratic primary, and became its candidate in the presidential race. Biden needed the support of at least one party delegate to win. After announcing the results of primaries in several states, he crossed that line.

According to the results of the first Democratic Party caucus held in Iowa, Biden unexpectedly received only fourth place with 15.8% of the vote, he was ahead of Pete Buttigieg (26.2% of the vote), Bernie Sanders (26.1 %) and Elizabeth Warren (18% of the vote). Biden, speaking to voters, called these results "a kick in the gut" and at the same time said that it is "not the first time in my life sent to a knockdown" and that he "will not go on about those who want to write off". Biden also lost the Democratic caucuses in New Hampshire and Nevada. Joe Biden won his first primary victory in South Carolina, beating Bernie Sanders by a wide margin.

Caucus — a gathering of supporters or members of a political party or political movement.

On August 18, 2020, at the national convention of the Democratic Party in Milwaukee, Biden was officially confirmed as its candidate for the future presidential election on November 3, receiving more than 3.5 thousand votes of party delegates.

In September 2020, Biden and Trump held the first debate, which received conflicting reviews. The candidates discussed topical issues: coronavirus[ru] and race riots. Trump, who called his rival "sleepy Joe" back in August 2019, admitted that he enjoyed the dialogue. Biden said he was ashamed of his opponent's behavior.

Biden's position on key issues announced during the 2019-2020 election campaign

Joseph Robinette Biden Jr.

Results of the 2020 presidential election

On November 7, 2020, it became known that Biden won the majority of electoral votes – at least 273 with 270 required. The majority voted for Biden in California – the most populous state, which guarantees 55 electoral votes at once, Oregon, Washington, New Mexico, Colorado, and New England states. Trump did not recognize the victory of the opponent. But on December 14, after a meeting of the electoral college, Biden's victory was officially recognized: 306 electors voted for Biden, and 232 for Trump.

On January 20, 2021, Joe Biden took office as President of the United States of America. Sworn in as the 46th President of the United States. At a solemn ceremony in Washington at the Capitol building, he raised his right hand, under the dictation of Chief Justice John Roberts, read the words of the presidential oath, enshrined in the US Constitution: "I solemnly swear that I will honestly perform the duties of the President of the United States and will, as far as my strength allows, protect, protect and defend the US Constitution." Biden traditionally added "And so help me God", although formally these words are not considered part of the oath.

Immediately after that, the guests of the ceremony listened to the anthem in honor of the president "Hail to the Chief", and Biden began his inaugural speech.

Fighting the coronavirus is among Biden's priorities

Since the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic, Joe Biden has publicly addressed the country's population many times and often found time to express condolences to the relatives of the deceased. Biden's statements on this topic sharply contrast with the opinion of the current US President Donald Trump, who himself had a coronavirus and after returning to the White House from the clinic said that this disease should not be feared.

Biden urges Americans to wear masks at all times, maintain social distance and take the risk of infection seriously. Biden promised that, having occupied the White House, already" from the first day " will present a plan for further countering the coronavirus pandemic, including introducing a federal mask regime.

On January 11, 2021, in the presence of the press, Joseph Biden was given a second dose of the coronavirus vaccine developed by the American company Pfizer and the German BioNTech. Broadcasting from the hospital in Newark (state of Delaware) conducted by the Central TV channels. The Democrat was wearing a protective mask during the procedure. He thanked the staff of the clinic and noted the importance of rapid distribution of the vaccine in the country. Biden's first dose was administered on December 21, 2020.




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