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Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin - biography

Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin

Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (biography in Russian — Владимир Владимирович Путин) — Russian statesman[ru], President of the Russian Federation (2000-2008), Russian Prime Minister (1999-2000, 2008), President of the Russian Federation[ru] since 2012. Zodiac sign — Scale.

Vladimir Putin was born on October 7, 1952 in Leningrad. Father - Vladimir Putin Spiridonovich, a veteran of Great Patriotic War[ru], participated in the defense of Leningrad, a war invalid. Mother - Maria Ivanovna Putin, a native of the Tver region, survived the entire siege in Leningrad, was very soft benevolent man.

In 1975, Vladimir Putin graduated from the Law Department of the Leningrad State University and was assigned to work in the public security organs. The Institute of the KGB wore conspiratorial surname Platov. In 1985 - 1990 he served on a business trip in the GDR. August 20, 1991 submitted a letter of resignation from the state security agencies. Since 1990 - LSU assistant rector for international affairs, and then - Advisor to the Chairman of the Leningrad City Council. On June 12, 1991 - Chairman of the Committee for External Relations of St. Petersburg City Hall. He was responsible for attracting investment in the city, setting up joint ventures, cooperation with foreign partners.


I'm from an ordinary family and I lived very long lives this, virtually his entire adult life. I have lived[ru] as an ordinary normal person, and I have always retained this relationship.

When the First World War[ru], in St. Petersburg, life became difficult, hungry, and the whole family went to the village Pominovo in the Tver region, the home of my grandmother. The house where they lived, should, by the way, until now, the relatives go there for a vacation. There, in Pominovo father met my mother.

Higher education

Leningrad State University and the Graduate School of the KGB.

Vladimir Putin and Lyudmila Shkrebneva introduced a mutual friend. Lyudmila was a flight attendant on domestic flights and flew with a friend to Leningrad for three days.

"Once, when I was working in the first subdivision in St. Petersburg, a friend called me and said that he invited me to the theater to Arkady Raikin. He has the tickets, the girls will. Went. The girls really were. The next day went to the theater again. I already took out the tickets. And the third is the same. On one of them I started dating. We became friends. With Luda, my future wife, "- says Putin.

"Something seems to Volodya was such that attracted me. After three or four months, I had already decided that he was the person who I need, "- says Lyudmila. Three years later, after meeting Vladimir Lyudmila made an offer. "I realized that if you do not marry more two or three years without ever getting married. Although, of course, the habit of bachelor life has developed. Lyudmila it eradicated "- recognized Putin.

July 28, 1983 they were married.

Daughters Maria and Katerina

In 1985, before leaving for Germany, Vladimir and Lyudmila Putin had a daughter, Mary. Younger Catherine was born in 1986 - in Dresden. Both girls were named after the grandmothers: Maria Ivanovna Putin and Catherine Tikhonovna Shkrebneva.

According to their mother, Lyudmila Putin loves daughters. "Not all men so touching treat their children like him. And he always spoiled them, and I had to bring up "- she said.

June 6, 2013 in an interview with the TV channel "Russia-24" Vladimir and Lyudmila Putin announced that their marriage actually completed by mutual decision.

Putin likes to visit a Russian bath, but fellow politicians for talks there he does not invite. One day he invited the bath former German Chancellor Gerhard Schrder:

"We were once in my residence, many years ago now, and went into the bath, and it caught fire. Schroeder just poured himself a beer, I go out and say," Gerhard, we need to go from here, we burn, "and he says "Now finish my beer and let's go." "I say, what are you, crazy" - continued Russian President. However, the head of Russia, Schroeder still drank beer - "persevering man with character[ru]." bath, according to Putin, burned to the ground, "the more we there with no one appeared." "But I do love the bath and go there with pleasure."

Unofficial biography of Vladimir Putin:

Vladimir Putin was born on October 7, 1952 in Leningrad, Russian.

According to the official version, comes from a working class family, however, according to the magazine "Profile", "Putin's father was involved in the NKVD-KGB" (Profile, 1999, № 32). Father Vladimir Putin Spiridonovich, born in the village Pominovo Tver region, mother, Maria Ivanovna Putin (nee Shelomova) - in the neighboring village district. Grandmother, Elizabeth A. Shelomova, was shot by the Germans in the village Turginovo Tver region in October 1941. Father was in pre-war youth village Komsomol activist, participant of the war in the 50s. served to protect Railcar later was a master at the factory. Mother worked as a nurse after the war. Putin's parents moved to Leningrad from the Tver region in the late 40-ies. by the favor of the mother's brother Ivan Shelomova, naval officer (d. 1973). Both parents died of cancer, his mother - in early 1999, his father - August 2, 1999, buried in Leningrad Seraphim Cemetery.

From 1960 to 1968. Vladimir Putin went to school eight-year number 193 on the channel Griboyedov in Leningrad. After the 8th grade enrolled in secondary school number 281 in the Soviet Lane (special school with a focus on chemistry-based Institute of Technology), from which he graduated in 1970.

In 1970, Vladimir Putin joined the international department of the law faculty of Leningrad State University (LSU), where he graduated in 1975. Thesis: "The principle of the most favorable nation in international law." Ph.D. in Economics (1996, thesis defended in St. Petersburg Mining University: "Strategic Planning reproduction of the mineral resource base of the region in terms of market relations").

In the late 70's - early 80-ies. Vladimir Putin graduated from the Moscow Higher School of the KGB number 1 (it - Red Banner Institute. Andropov, now - School of Foreign Intelligence). In LSU joined the Communist Party, remained a member of the Communist Party until it was banned in August 1991. During his studies at the University met Anatoly Sobchak (father of TV presenter Ksenia Sobchak), who, as assistant to the chair while he led classes in business law. After her graduation in 1975 was sent on the distribution of the KGB of the USSR.

According to the official version, all while serving in the KGB Vladimir Putin worked in the First Chief Directorate (PGU) of the KGB (foreign intelligence, now - the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service) and majored in German-speaking countries (the 4th Division of the KGB - Austria, Switzerland, Germany GDR). According to another version, was a regular contributor First (HR) department of the Leningrad KGB (Profile, 1999, № 32) and worked through the Service LenUGB own safety.

In 1981 or 1982. Vladimir Putin was sent to East Germany, where he worked in Leipzig ("under the roof" House of the Soviet-German friendship) and Dresden. In Dresden Radebergershtrasse lived on the street ("Version", № 3 (77), January 25-31, 2000).

Supervised by the KGB Soviet behavior of students in the GDR. According to the German newspaper "Frankfurter Rundschau", the responsibilities of Vladimir Putin as if one time included the control over the Dresden Branch Secretary of the Socialist Unity Party (SED), Hans Modrow (future last leader of the SPD and the German Democratic Republic), as well as tracing the anti-communist protests in GDR (MK, August 18, 1999).

In the GDR, Vladimir Putin was until 1987.

By assumption, the newspaper "version", Vladimir Putin by the KGB could liaise with the Swiss terrorist Bruno Breguet, 21 February 1981 exploded the headquarters of Radio "Liberty" in Munich ("Version", № 3 (77), 25-31 January 2000). Version of the newspaper "version" does not have any evidence.

In 1986 Dresden to meet with H. Modrow visited KGB chairman Vladimir Kryuchkov. V. Kryuchkov later could not remember PGU officer Vladimir Putin suggested in an interview with "Moscow News" that Putin likely was not a career intelligence officer and employee of any other department of the KGB directed a business trip in the GDR to the usual period of 5 years. The same assumption V. Kryuchkov explains Putin's return to the GDR in the Leningrad KGB to work with staff (MH, № 2 (1021), January 25-31, 2000).

In the second half of the 80s., According to some assumptions, was related to the sale of assets of the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany ("... Putin may kick. Especially those who know what he did during his service in the GDR. Case of stealing Western Group of Forces property is quite dark... "(Novaya Gazeta, № 39 (d), 21-24 October 1999). As if was also involved in unprofitable for the state to lease the building of the Berlin Russian Cultural Centre ("... the first theft experience he received during his stay in Germany. It was then Putin together with Shokhiny Poltoranin and managed to "steal" a huge building cultural center Russia in Germany. They rented it for a symbolic penny fifty years some German company with a microscopic charter capital. Course this firm immediately immediately gave the building to sublease, but for very large sums of money in the normal German prices." (NovG., № 49, December 27, 1999 - January 2, 1999).

However, these assumptions are poorly substantiated and likely arose under the influence of information on the activities of Putin (under the supervision of Pavel Borodin) on restructuring the Russian overseas property 10th years later. Putin's role in the representation of the KGB in East Germany was in the late 80s. too small. In addition, the summer 1987 Vladimir Putin has returned to his regular job in Leningrad (judging by the recollections of his housemates, get an apartment together with him). As for the scandal to the letting of the building of the Berlin Russian Cultural Centre, it took place a few years after the departure of Vladimir Putin of Germany (1990-91.). Yuri Shutov version of the GDR was returned to Leningrad, as "was seen in an unauthorized contact with a representative network of agents of the enemy" ("New Petersburg", December 24, 1998). In the summer of 1987 he settled with his parents in the new 3-room apartment (99 sqm total area) in the house for 42 Sredneohtinskomu Avenue in Leningrad.

In 1987-90. Vladimir Putin worked as an assistant vice-rector of the Leningrad State University for International Relations. Former KGB general Oleg Kalugin defined functions Putin at the University as a "resident of the KGB." International relations included training of foreigners and as an assistant vice-rector Vladimir Putin oversaw foreign undergraduate and graduate students at LSU.

In 1989, Vladimir Putin was involved in a joint venture company and LSU Procter & Gamble (P & G). Over 1% of income deducted LSU campaign P & G requested one of the houses on the University Embankment LSU under U.S. trade soap and detergent. LSU through Rector Stanislaus Merkureva Putin renewed acquaintance with Anatoly Sobchak.

"Moskovsky Komsomolets" ascribes to the famous St. Petersburg journalist and political analyst Boris Vishnevsky version that Vladimir Putin "was assigned to Sobchak KGB. At university in the hands of VV allegedly got some dirt on Anatoly Alexandrovich... that allowed him to further manipulate the mayor "(MC, 18 August 1999). The newspaper "New Petersburg" version put forward that if there was Sobchak KGB informer at the University and as such was subordinate to Putin ("New Petersburg", December 24, 1998). After his election in May 1990, the chairman of the Leningrad City Council, Anatoly Sobchak Putin took to himself as an adviser.

After the election Anatoly Sobchak 12 June 1991 the mayor of St. Petersburg was appointed chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee (FAC) of City Hall. In early 1992, was transferred to the "active reserve" KGB (reserve lieutenant colonel).

As chairman of the FAC Vladimir Putin personally oversaw the creation of St. Petersburg Stock Exchange and the signing of the 1992 Treaty on the mayor's office advising large international auditing firm KPMG. Facilitate the arrival in town of a number of German companies - in particular, with his assistance was opened BNP-Drezdner Bank (Rossija) - one of the first foreign banks in Russia.

In 1992, Vladimir Putin was appointed deputy mayor of St. Petersburg retaining his post as chairman FAC. Was the representative of the mayor's office and the chairman of the supervisory board of the publishing company CJSC "Newspaper" St. Petersburg Vedomosti "(newspaper was associated with" Astrobankom").

On behalf of Anatoly Sobchak, Vladimir Putin has prepared a draft resolution on the Control of stay in St. Petersburg foreigners. The project was a set of measures for the identification of persons residing in the city without registration, a ban on their accommodation in hotels and trade markets. The project met opposition from the Ministry of Justice and was not put into effect.

Since 1993, during his frequent absences abroad became mayor post in his place "on the farm" is Putin. Besides the Foreign Relations Committee he was assigned as the City Hall Commission on operational issues.

In March 1994 he was appointed first deputy chairman of the government of St. Petersburg - the chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee (later in the same year the name was changed positions: deputy mayor of St. Petersburg - the chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee). MPs who attended the meeting, chaired by the city government of Putin, noted that he was meeting "businesslike and efficient" - especially in comparison with Anatoly Sobchak.

It is believed that only thanks to the ability of Vladimir Putin to the backroom issues managed in 1995 to push through the Legislature urban city budget. Almost all key decisions passed through City Hall expertise Putin. Sobchak attached special importance to the draft orders and resolutions were endorsed by Putin. (That's what many explain what Sobchak avoid too serious scandals). In late April 1995, Viktor Chernomyrdin, Anatoly Sobchak agreed with the organization in St. Petersburg regional branch created by order of President Boris Yeltsin, the All-Russian public and political movement "Our Home is Russia" (FFCD PDR). In turn, the organization of the St. Petersburg Anatoly Sobchak reassign PDR Putin.

In early May 1995, Vladimir Putin headed the organizing committee of the St. Petersburg regional branch of the NDR, and the founding conference of the regional branch was elected its chairman. At the founding congress PDR May 12, 1995 in Moscow, was elected a Fellow of FFCD PDR. During the summer and fall of 1995 led the campaign for the election of the NDR to the State Duma. During this election campaign, he managed to bring to the election fund PDR 1 billion 100 million denominated rubles provided mostly St. Petersburg Bank (while the central election headquarters of the PDR was listed only 15 million rubles.). Election campaign PDR in St. Petersburg has been criticized in the press against Putin - especially the large number of posters Chernomyrdin on expensive billboards. Putin himself explained by the fact that a large promotional products has provided abundant Moscow and "porridge oil will not spoil... not disappear as posters."

In January 1996, Vladimir Putin was included in the Council of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs Club "Club 2004", created to support the candidacy of Leningrad to host the Olympics in 2004.

In March 1996, Vladimir Putin went to the headquarters of the St. Petersburg regional branch of the All-Russian public support for the movement of the President (ODOPP), which merged organization advocating the re-election of Boris Russian President Boris Yeltsin. On this occasion, the leader of the St. Petersburg "Apple" Igor Artemyev sent to the prosecutor of St. Petersburg, arguing that Putin participated in the department violates the Law "On Basic Guarantees of Electoral Rights of Citizens of the Russian Federation" and, in particular, the restriction aimed at "prevents use official position by public servants in order to benefit a specific candidate. " The prosecutor's office did not give the course with this statement, because, according to Putin, he entered the ODOPP not as first vice-mayor of St. Petersburg, as well as the head of the regional organization PDR.

In the spring of 1996, together with Alexei Kudrin Vladimir Putin engaged Anatoly Sobchak election campaign for elections to the post of governor of St. Petersburg. Putin instructed Anatoly Sobchak convince members of the city of the Legislative Assembly to postpone the election to an earlier date that rivals do not have time to conduct the campaign. Elections were held for 1 month earlier. During this election campaign, one of the contestants Anatoly Sobchak, the former chairman of the Petrograd A.Belyaev accused Vladimir Putin of involvement in violations of economic, as well as the fact that it has a property on the Atlantic coast of France. In response, Putin sued for moral damages in the amount of 200 million rubles, but as it turned out, the lawsuit was filed not by the place of residence of the defendant, and the case was postponed because of this. In one of the newspapers this article appeared under the headline catty "Must Know scout, where his defendant." After filing a lawsuit secondary trial was postponed again - this time on procedural grounds, and unfriendly to Putin press claimed that he "despite the service in foreign intelligence" supposedly claimed that "does not know where the Atlantic coast of France " (CP, 27.07.98).

After the defeat in the election Anatoly Sobchak, Putin resigned from their posts in the government of St. Petersburg and received an invitation from the Administrative Department of the President of the Russian Federation P.Borodin become his deputy. It has been asserted that Borodin (or directly to the President) Putin recommended Anatoly Chubais, and indeed the opposite - that Chubais allegedly evaded protezhirovaniya Putin, when he asked him about it (Profile, 1999, № 32).

As Deputy Manager of the President of the Russian Federation (from June 1996 to March 1997) was in charge of foreign ownership of the administration. During Vladimir Putin's stay in this position all the former property of the USSR[ru] and the CPSU abroad was transferred to the ownership of the Presidential Administration.

26 March 1997 by the Decree of the President Vladimir Putin was appointed deputy head of the Presidential Administration - Chief of the Presidential Control Directorate of the Russian Federation, succeeding Kudrin, who became deputy minister of finance. According to Putin, to the post he recommended himself Kudrin. IV Congress on April 19, 1997 PDR was elected a member of the political council of the new FFCD PDR (of 178 people). In June 1997, was dismissed as chairman of the St. Petersburg regional organization PDR remains a member of the All-Russian Political Council. In June 1997, was dismissed as chairman of the Supervisory Board of "Newspaper" St. Petersburg Vedomosti ". September 19, 1997 included in the Interdepartmental Commission of the Security Council on Economic Security.

12 December 1997 jeep in which speeding was driving Vladimir Putin (legally - with the government "flasher") at the 17th kilometer of the Minsk highway knocked down a five-year Denis Lapshin ("Novaya Gazeta", № 6 (577), 14 - February 20, 1999). Driver Putin Zykov BB was arrested in 1999 in the amnesty.

25 May 1998, Vladimir Putin was appointed First Deputy Head of Presidential Administration, responsible for working with the regions, replacing the post Victoria Mitin. Until early June also remained chief of the Control Department of the Presidential Administration (in June 1998 on the recommendation of this management Putin was assigned to take charge Nikolai Patrushev).

15 July 1998 headed the Presidential Commission for the preparation of agreements on the delimitation of powers between the federal authorities and state authorities of the Russian Federation (instead sacked Sergei Shakhrai).

25 July 1998 by the decree of President Vladimir Putin was appointed director of the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB). Shortly before this appointment (July 3, 1998) at his dacha in the suburbs was killed the leader of the opposition Movement in Support of the Army, a Duma deputy, Lev Rokhlin.

October 1, 1998 Putin was introduced as a permanent member of the Security Council, and November 18, 1998 by a presidential decree included in the new composition of the Security Council.

As head of the FSB Vladimir Putin has made ​​a number of personnel changes, abolished the two largest management FSB - economic counterintelligence (UEC) and kontrrazvedovatelnogo provide strategic facilities (UCROS), instead creating 6 new offices. FSB has made regular funding, and (directly Yeltsin, bypassing the bureaucratic ladder) salary increase FSB, equating them with CBP employees and FAGCI.

December 1, 1998 introduced the Interdepartmental Commission for the optimization of the state defense order. In December 1998, Vladimir Putin, is included in the Board of Trustees of the International Fund for protection against discrimination.

March 29, 1999 was appointed Secretary of the Russian Security Council retaining the post of Director of the FSB. Remained in the list of the political council of the NDR, reorganized at the VI Congress PDR April 24, 1999.

During Putin's FSB directorship in Russia were a series of major crimes remaining unsolved, including:

June 15, 1999 on the occasion of the 75th anniversary of Yuri Andropov Vladimir Putin participated in the wreath-laying ceremony at his tomb on Red Square.

August 9, 1999 by presidential decree in the government introduced another post of Deputy Prime Minister (the third one), and the same decree, the post was Vladimir Putin. The same day, another decree of the President Office Sergei Stepashin had been sacked, and Putin was appointed acting head of the government (a sequence of assignments due to the fact that under the law, the government i.o.predsedatelya can only be assigned to the First Vice- Prime Minister). In a televised address, Yeltsin named Putin as his successor as President of the Russian Federation. ("... Now I have decided to name the person who, in my opinion, is able to consolidate the society. Relying on the most extensive political power, ensure the continuation of reforms in Russia. He can rally around those who are in a new, XXI century, to be updated Great Russia. This Russian Security Council Secretary, FSB Director - Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin... I'm in it. But I want to also make sure there were all those who in July 2000 will come to the polls and make their choice. think he had enough time to show themselves "). In a television interview on the same day, Vladimir Putin said that Yeltsin accepts the offer and will run for president in 2000. August 16, 1999, the State Duma approved Vladimir Putin Prime Minister (233 votes "for", 84 - "against" 17 - abstained). For the approval of the prime minister voted 32 deputies from the Communist Party faction (including Duma speaker Gennady Seleznyov), 52 deputies - against the rest abstained or did not vote (Gennady Zyuganov did not vote), voted against as part of the deputies left faction "Democracy". Of "Yabloko" faction voted for the approval of 18 MPs, 8 "Yabloko" were against it, others are not voted or abstained. Other faction voted almost unanimously for approval.

Since the beginning of September 1999, Vladimir Putin - Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Union of Belarus and Russia. September 6, 1999 headed the Presidential Commission on military-technical cooperation with foreign countries.

September 4, 1999 in g.Buynakske (Dagestan) exploded a car bomb that caused the destruction of a dwelling house; September 9, 1999 - the night the explosion of an apartment house on Guryanov Street in Moscow, September 13 - the explosion of an apartment house on Kashira highway in Moscow, September 16 - residential building explosion in Volgodonsk. September 23, 1999 in Ryazan residents stopped mining the basement of an apartment house unknown. Residents were evacuated, the criminals are wanted by the discovery of explosives was a criminal case. September 25 FSB Director Nikolai Patrushev said that mining was conducted educational and FSB in order to exercise vigilance. According to the press, for this academic mining were used real explosives and detonators (NovG., № 49, December 27, 1999 - January 2, 1999).

September 23, 1999, Russian aircraft launched a missile and bomb strikes on the airport in Grozny refineries and residential areas in the northern suburbs of Grozny. September 24, speaking in Astana (Kazakhstan), Vladimir Putin said that strikes are applied "solely on the bases of militants and this will continue, no matter where the terrorists are.... If we find their toilet, soak in the outhouse." October 1, 1999 Russian armor crossed the administrative border between Chechnya and deepened for the first 5 km.

In October 1999, Vladimir Putin was appointed chairman of the State Commission on the preparations for the celebration of the 300th anniversary of St. Petersburg.

In early November 1999, the chief of the Moscow KGB Carenko Alexander said that the Moscow bombings were organized by the Chechens and the organizers have been arrested (and later both Moscow Ingush native of Grozny, which A.Tsarenko meant by the Chechens, the organizers have been released due to their complete non-involvement in the terrorist attacks).

December 6, 1999 the residents of Grozny was presented the so-called "Putin's ultimatum" - a requirement of the Russian military command in Chechnya, Putin's approval, to the residents of Grozny: leave the city until December 11 through the "safe corridors" ("Those who remained in the city, will be considered terrorists and bandits. They will destroy artillery and aviation. [...] All those who have not left the city will be destroyed. "-" Express-Chronicle ", № 46 (601), December 13, 1999). Then ultimatum was disavowed as not related to civilians - only the militants.

In December 1999, a commemorative plate restored bas-relief on the wall of Yuri Andropov KGB building in Moscow.

On the morning of December 31, 1999, President Yeltsin in his New Year address, said the resignation from the post of president of the appointment (by the constitution) Acting President Vladimir Putin to hold early elections. December 31, 1999 signed (as prime minister) order on restoration of basic military training in schools. In early January 2000 issued a decree on the immunity of the first president of Russia and his family members from any judicial and administrative harassment. January 13, 2000 authorized the ban on entry and exit from Chechnya men aged over 10 and under 60 years of age (an order prohibiting was signed by General Viktor Kazantsev, January 15, canceled).

January 21, 2000 at the session of the Interior Ministry warned of the increased risk of a new wave of terrorist attacks chechnskih separatists in Russian cities. The same day, the CEC registered initiative group to nominate Vladimir Putin as a presidential candidate.

In February 1999, signed a decree on conscription for military training reservists.

Opposes NATO's eastward expansion. According to Putin, to ensure the security of the Baltic states they do not have to join, but this block is enough to sign a bilateral agreed with Russia ("I am absolutely convinced that NATO's eastward expansion will negatively affect the situation in Europe, and if someone wants new tensions, it is - the best way to advance. "- St. Petersburg Gazette 12/03/1996).

Vladimir Putin is fluent in the German language - literary and dialect hohdoych (High German), understands English. Interested in sports, in particular different types of combat (sambo, judo, karate), skiing, 45 minutes each morning and run pays gymnastics. More at LSU became Master of Sports in Sambo (1973), a third-year university won Sambo competitions among university students of the RSFSR. Suit sport judo (1975).

Vladimir Putin is very careful. Do not like to take quick decisions. Distancing itself from the people who do not like to be in sight. Loves to travel abroad: in St. Petersburg period it was called the record for foreign trips of all officials. Like holidays.

He was awarded the Soviet Order "Badge of Honor" and the East German medal "For merits before the National People's Army of the GDR." Winner of the "Man of the Year" for 1999.

Married. Lyudmila Putin, wife (nee Hmarin), philologist, in the past has taught at LSU, her brother was a classmate of Victor Khmarin Putin. Two daughters - Mary and Catherine, both born in the GDR in 1985 and 1986. respectively, are enrolled in the "German School. Haas" (Moscow, Prospect Vernadsky, d.103 / 5) at the German Embassy. Sources: Who's Who in St. Petersburg. St. Petersburg, 1995. Kommersant-Daily, September 14, 1996 Komsomolskaya Pravda, 27.07.98. "Can it be true." / / New Petersburg, December 24, 1998. 7 moments in the life of a successor. / / MK, August 18, 1999. Brichkina Lisa. Vladimir Putin.Last cartridge. / / Profile, 1999, № 32. Novaya Gazeta, № 39 (ext), 21-24 October 1999. Lurie O. List Turover. Found a dossier on Russian corruption. / / Novaya Gazeta, № 49, December 27, 1999 - January 2, 1999. Petersburg trail of Vladimir Putin. / / Interviewee, № 1,2000. Nikitinsky Leonid Shpakov Yuri. Putin in intelligence: "zavklubom" or "super-agent". / / Moscow News, № 2 (1021), 25-31 January 2000. Burilov Valery. Most relatives of Vladimir Putin. / / "Version", № 6 (80), 15-21 February 2000. Interview: Vremya MN, September 27, 1999. C.1, 5. Work, September 28, 1999. C1-2. Kommersant-b. November 6, 1999.

http://www. № files.html

English agency Reuters today announced the GDR secret service documents "Stasi", in which we are talking about the time when he worked in Dresden, Vladimir Putin, who was then an employee of the Foreign Intelligence KGB.

"We have received several hundred pages of documents that date back to 1984-1990 years before were completely classified. However, Putin, like any good scout, carefully covering up his tracks, and archiving" Stasi ", and in general there are not a lot of documents on the work of the future president of Russia ", - said the agency.

Completely, as reported Reuters, documents will be released in the next few weeks, but today some of the materials presented. In one of them, for example, it comes to recruiting a resident of Dresden, which must follow the house guests Reception Committee. "It instructed Comrade Vladimir Putin," - said in a memorandum to the KGB.

Later in the same document states that the person is not recruited, but the reasons that decided to refuse to cooperate with him, are not specified.

"The archive is just one document drawn up by Putin: he asks the chief of Dresden" Stasi "Horst Bhm put phone KGB informant, - informs Reuters. - As noted in the following note, telephone informant provided, and out of the lineup."

The dossier Vladimir Putin also has two orders of awards: in 1987 he was awarded the gold medal of the German-Soviet Friendship Society, and in 1988 - bronze medal of the People's Army of the GDR.

According to his official biography, Vladimir Putin "in 1985-1990 was on a business trip in the GDR." Formally he was listed director of the Dresden Houses Soviet-German friendship, colleagues president later said that he was "a good intelligence officer." The president himself once described his profession "something similar to journalistic work: just need to get information."

Reuters reports that all documents on the work of Putin in Germany received an official way, according to the law, according to which documents "Stasi" declared declassified.

"Despite some interesting details about the affairs of Vladimir Putin, in most cases, it seems, has managed to stay in the shade. As we said one of the officers" Stasi ", who worked with the Russian president," in the intelligence you want to know all about the environment the world, but so as not to attract attention to himself, "- reports Reuters.

March 20, 2001 Strana.Ru summed up the first year of Putin's presidency

The first programmatic word Vladimir Putin as President of Russia was his message to the Federal Assembly on 8 July 2000. It took about 10 months, and approaching a new text. Presumably it will be presented on March 28. Before this date, we decided to analyze what the President was able to make a statement and promised in the last message?

Foreign policy

Vladimir Putin defined the main diplomatic goal of the country - the "rule of internal over external purposes" and "priority national tasks." President traveled abroad were numerous and almost always successful. After they opened the field of activity of intergovernmental commissions for negotiating treaties and agreements at the regional level, entrepreneurs, banks and industries. Perhaps only in Cuba Russian delegation did not achieve the desired result - nickel remained Canadians. However, the fact of the visit to the country, which fell to pieces the Soviet Union gave the arbitrariness in itself means a lot.

When Vladimir Putin came on board in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, it is open, and then behind closed doors taught diplomats "love affair Russia." He said that the priorities of their work "must be in the CIS." That is not the ocean, and close to the borders of Russia. Autumn in Kazakhstan for the first time held a meeting with the Russian president's former compatriots - CIS citizens. Previously, such meetings were held only with the Russian-speaking communities abroad - somewhere in England or America. Meanwhile, it is the citizens of the former Soviet Union[ru], suddenly found themselves abroad, demanding help and support.

Efforts of the Russian authorities of the CIS during this period has survived several stages of integration. Recall of some. On lasted 6:00 negotiations in Minsk to attend the summit of the CIS Leonid Kuchma was defeated multi-year ice of mistrust between Ukraine[ru] and Russia. Released to reporters in the first hour of the night, Mikhail Kasyanov, staggering from fatigue, said that a compromise on the gas issue - Ukraine guarantees that Russian gas will no longer be stolen, and Russia will give it preferential cash loans. The main thing is left behind the scenes official explanation, but it was felt in almost companionship Putin and Kuchma's the next day. Remember Putin "about vodka and fat"?

Real for the past year was the Union of Russia and Belarus. That is, he came out of the scope of declarations and became formalized in law. We are talking about money - the Federation Council ratified the agreement on March 14 on the introduction of a single currency and a single emission center of the Union State. And Heydar Aliyev, taking in Azerbaijan Vladimir Putin, was so touched by memories of his student years in Leningrad, Russia almost forgave the creation of a Eurasian Union. At least since the beginning of January of harsh statements from Baku on the subject was not.

As for the "national interest", the most striking example of this was the withdrawal of Russia from the memorandum Gore - Chernomyrdin and the revival of military-technical cooperation with Iran. Despite the hysterical reaction of the United States. Russian geopolitical strategy revised and moved from reckless follow in line with western policy to realize its Eurasian geostrategic position. Kremlin has made ​​efforts to restore ties with old partners - Cuba, Vietnam, Libya, Iraq. Russia has become harder to defend its national interests in the structures of a united Europe.

Domestic policy

In the last message the President has put Russia common diagnosis - "weak state." Accordingly, the Kremlin's efforts for the year have been directed to ensure that the state has become stronger. Institutional reforms "of collecting regions" - the envoys, the State Council, a new principle of forming the Federation Council - all this appeared, took shape and developed over the past year. And it was, in fact, a response to the idea of the message - "federal relations in Russia unfinished and not developed." Summer and fall of President's Office engaged in "bringing domestic legislation into conformity with the federal." And when it comes easier, then Vladimir Putin conducted my audit laws, which local authorities have produced during the period when Yeltsin allowed them to "swallow much sovereignty as you can."

Lower house of parliament, according to Vladimir Putin, had to suffer through the reform law "On political parties". He passed the first reading on February 7. The deputies have no doubt that he will be able to overcome the summer the second and third - so will lay the foundations of normal party system and the upcoming parliamentary elections.

Among the systemic reforms necessary for the country, the federal letter Vladimir Putin outlined municipal, union, pension. Pension reform is in full swing. And yet - successfully. The first meeting of the National Council on the pension reform, the President almost every month confers with the head of the Pension Fund Mikhail Zurabov, the promise of the quarterly increase in pensions has been contained. The problems of housing and communal services closely Vladimir Putin addressed the crisis in Primorye and travel to Siberia. But before the unions hands did not reach. Is that theory. Major illness unions Putin in a message called "formalism and obyurokrachivanie." The validity of this accusation the unions themselves have repeatedly proven this year. Most revealing fact was the fight with the government union leaders one of the Labour Code, which robs them of privileges. Most recently, they took to the streets of teachers - to protest against education reform, which, in essence, just needs to increase real earnings of teachers.

Vladimir Putin spoke about the trade unions in the context of building civil society in Russia. The same purpose served by the Kremlin launched judicial reform. And while boosting its rate failed (think President revoked the amendments to the Criminal Procedure Code), but the work is consistent. Vladimir Putin told the government that in early April is ready to formulate abstract judicial reform - after recent calculations and the Ministry of Finance in consultation with the Duma factions.

As well as to the economy and to the restructuring now under discussion include the reform of natural monopolies - MPS, RAO "UES" and "Gazprom". Although last year's federal message about them is not directly a word was said, but the activity of these giant structures are so closely linked with the economy as a whole, tariff policy, social problems of citizens and municipal reform, the question how to change them could not stay away. Traveling to Trans-Siberian Express from Tomsk to Omsk, IPU President listened Aksenenko head and decided that the prices of all transportation in the country should do a single tariff authority. The way to be RAO "UES", resolves itself now Office Anatoly Chubais, the government and even regions.


The federal letter last year Vladimir Putin has listed six challenges facing the country's leadership in the economic sphere. Recall.

Here we can recall what was said above about pension reform in the way that, according to the authorities, the pension should reflect real human labor contribution. That is, its value should be directly linked to the general labor experience, and not with the rate of the last job, as it is now. Child benefits from January 1, also awarded only to those whose gross income divided by family members nedotyagivaet to subsistence. Started - the experimental stage - education reform, suggesting capitation students that, as the power budget will save money and raise the salaries of teachers.

Thus, on all six counts, we observe some legislative movement. Another thing is that before the completion of the reform is still far.

Fundamentally different positions in the state became a stick to matters of foreign loans. Vladimir Putin last message said that their abundance - also evidence of a weak state. So the conclusion is no longer accumulate debts on existing debts and pay-general to know who took it and where it eventually delos. IMF loans "on any terms", as it was before, now Russia is not satisfied. Not later than March 14 in a live radio station "Echo of Moscow" Alexei Kudrin said that "the government does not intend to accept any conditions that may be offered to the IMF during the negotiations on the approval of the agreed program." At the same time in 2001, he predicted, new borrowing is not required, and Russia will pay the past debt "in full". Finally, it was decided to establish an effective framework for debt management.

Thus, in terms of legislation, almost all that he had promised the head of state, headway. Another thing is that now the first place there is a problem on the importance of state control over the reforms already started. Option "stuck" somewhere halfway securities traditionally high.

During this year, Vladimir Putin, it was important to gather all the threads of government in his hands, check their strength. That is to "create" the tools with which it will be possible to proceed. For example, reform of the military-industrial complex, say, or the army.

About which, incidentally, in the last federal letter did not say a word.

Vladimir Putin sketched a picture of a "strong state Russia" broad strokes. It is time to take a fine brush and paint details.

7 May 2008 as president of the Russian Federation took Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev.

21 February 2012 Russian feminist punk rock band Pussy Pussy Riot Wright defiled the Temple of Christ the Saviour, speaking with a punk prayer service "Virgin, Putin Put".

4 March 2012 elections were held for the post of President of the Russian Federation, which has reached victory Vladimir Vladimirovich.

7 May 2012 inauguration, Putin was inaugurated as President of the Russian Federation.

March 2, 2013 in his message on the occasion of 82 th anniversary of the former Soviet leader, Russian President Putin stressed the importance of the initiative of Mikhail Gorbachev in the field of international cooperation and its desire to strengthen Russia's standing in the world.

In the world there are many people who approve or disapprove of Putin. Sometimes issued and completely unfounded accusations against him. On this occasion the Internet[ru] on different resources often published a verse in defense of Vladimir:

Cat threw kittens.
Putin is to blame.
Bunny threw hostess.
Who is to blame, guess at that!

Here ends board
In the unfortunate bull.
Our loudly cries.
Near Putin, not otherwise.

The light went out, fell fence
Do cars stalled motor
Healthy tooth removed,
Ile got into the apartment thief
Dislike this movie,
You have come to r ... but.
Any cataclysm
One explanation:

Knows every Democrat-
Putin is to blame!

August 1, 2014 a telephone conversation between the Russian and US Presidents Vladimir Putin and Barack Obama[ru], in which they discussed the situation around Ukraine. Putin described the line to build up pressure Washington sanctions as counterproductive, causing serious damage to bilateral cooperation and international stability as a whole. The presidents agreed that the current situation does not meet the interests of both states. In this context, the sides exchanged views on the prospects of the Russian-American dialogue ", - the press service of the Kremlin.

November 5, 2014 according to the American Forbes Magazine Vladimir Vladimirovich for the second time in a row topped the annual ranking of the most influential people in the world. On the second line in the list - US President Barack Obama. Third place in the ranking took President Chinese Xi Jinping. In fourth place in the ranking of the magazine - Pope Francis, the fifth - Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel. In total, the list includes 72 people, state and public figures, heads of corporations.

February 27, 2015 in Russia there was a loud murder. In the center of Moscow on Vasilevsky descent killer shot Boris Efimovich Nemtsov[ru] four shots in the back. Dmitry Peskov, a spokesman for the Russian president said: "Putin noted that this brutal murder has all the features and custom is purely provocative." The President instructed the RF IC, the Interior Ministry and Federal Security Service set up an investigation team and to keep the investigation under his personal control.

June 29, 2015, Putin arrived in the Column Hall of the House of Unions, where the funeral ceremony of farewell to the great politician and diplomat Yevgeny Primakov[ru], laid flowers to the tomb and stood for a while with his head. Then he walked over to his relatives and Primakov expressed his condolences and support.

18 Aug 2015 Mr Putin dived in a submersible to the bottom of the Black sea off the coast of Crimea. The head of state watched the remains of ships IX-X century, and also congratulated the Russian geographical society 170th anniversary. The President noted that this dive — "a really good opportunity to see how our deep historical roots, how deep is our history of relations with the world".

25 November 2015 in Yekaterinburg opened Presidential Center in memory of Yeltsin is worth more than 7 billion rubles. It houses a Museum, library, archive, educational and child[ru] centers and exhibition halls. The opening ceremony was visited by the President of Russia Vladimir Putin and Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, Also gathered prominent politicians — both active and "retired", social activists, cultural figures, journalists and simply those who knew the first President, worked with him in the team.

The main objective of the Center is to preserve, study and understanding of the historical heritage of Boris Yeltsin in the context of political and social events of 90-ies.

On July 26, 2017, Putin signed Law No. 187-FZ "On the security of the critical Information Infrastructure of the Russian Federation".

On March 18, 2018, Russia held Presidential elections. The first polling stations in Russia opened in Kamchatka and Chukotka at 08.00 local time (23.00 Moscow time on March 17). The voting lasted until 20:00. According to the CEC, V. Putin received 76,69% of the vote (of 56.4 million people). The second place was taken by the candidate from the Communist party Pavel Grudinin, who received 11.77% of the votes (8.65 million people). In third place LDPR leader Vladimir Zhirinovsky, for whom 5.65% of voters (4.15 million people) gave their votes. For Ksenia Sobchak voted to 1.68% of voters (1.2 million people), Grigory Yavlinsky and 1.05% of the voters (769,6 thousand), Boris Titov cast their votes for 0.76 percent of voters (556,8 thousand), Maxim Suraikin — 0,68% (499 thousand persons), Sergei Baburin — 0,65% (479 thousand). In total, 67.54% of voters took part in the elections, which is 73 million 629 thousand people.

On may 7, 2018, Putin officially took office as President for a second six-year term, until 2024. In his inaugural speech, the President declared the need for a harmonious unity of a strong state and a free, socially protected citizen so that Russia could make a breakthrough in all spheres of life.

On may 15, 2018, Putin driving a cars[ru] KAMAZ gave a start to the work of the automotive part of the Crimean bridge, going from the zero kilometer at the head of the column of construction equipment on the bridge in the direction of Kerch. At the other end of the 19-kilometer bridge, in the Crimea, Putin took part in a meeting-concert on the occasion of the opening of the first stage of the transport crossing. Before the builders, engineers, workers are the stars of the Russian stage - Larisa Dolina, Dmitry Bilan, Valeria, Pelageya, Zara, Oleg Gazmanov, Grigory Leps, etc. The bridge has a capacity of 40 thousand cars[ru] and 47 pairs of trains per day, 14 million passengers and 13 million tons of cargo per year.

Crimean bridge - Oleg Gazmanov

On August 3, 2018, Putin signed a law on increasing Russia's VAT to 20%. Many experts believe that citizens will feel this in the growth of prices for all goods.

On August 29, 2018, Putin made a televised address on raising the retirement age for Russians — from 60 to 65 years for men, and from 55 to 60 years for women. In the media, this news came out with such opposite in meaning headlines as: Putin proposed to soften the pension reform; " Putin announced the easing of pension reform."

On October 3, 2018, Putin signed the Federal law "on amendments to certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation on the appointment and payment of pensions", according to which the retirement age is increased by 5 years — up to 65 for men and up to 60 for women. Public movement "Essence of time" suggested to call October 3 "day of the Ogre". The activists decided that every month on the third day they will hold protests in Russian cities against raising the retirement age. This is stated on the page of the organization in the social network "VKontakte".

On March 10, 2020, speaking at a meeting dedicated to the second reading of amendments to the Constitution, Deputy from United Russia Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova proposed to reset Putin's presidential term.

Trump and Russia, meeting with Putin

Donald Trump[ru] in the US is often reproached for his positive reviews of Vladimir Putin. "I have no relationship with him except that he called me a genius. He said Donald trump will be the leader of the party and the leader of the world, or something like that. In addition, it would be good to have good relations with other countries. I think I will have a good relationship with Putin," said the head of the White House.
Vladimir Putin spoke with Donald trump on the phone in November 2016, the Russian leader congratulated him on his election victory and expressed his readiness to "build a partnership dialogue with the new administration on the principles of equality, mutual respect and non-interference in each other's internal Affairs." The second telephone conversation between the leaders of the leading world powers took place on January 28, 2017, in which trump and Putin agreed to "stabilize and develop relations between the countries."
In the photo, Putin and trump:

Vladimir Putin and Donald Trump

The first meeting of Vladimir Putin and Donald trump took place on the evening of July 7, 2017 at the G20 summit in Hamburg. The Russian President said that among other topics the leaders of Russia and the United States discussed the situation in Ukraine, Syria, the fight against terrorism and cybercrime, as well as cybersecurity.

February 5, 2019 witch witch Alena Polyn organized a "Circle of Power" in support of the President of Russia, which released reports from foreign and domestic media.

On March 18, 2019, Putin signed a law that penalizes contempt for power on the Internet. It States that in case of detection in the Network of publications that indecently offend human dignity, society, state or state symbols, law enforcement agencies should contact Roskomnadzor, which in turn is obliged to block the page with the illegal message. However, the Federal Agency must notify the blocking 24 hours in advance, giving the opportunity to delete the message on its own. The bill provides for administrative punishment and a fine of up to 300 thousand RUB, the company Informed the HRC under the President felt the document contrary to the Constitution, which guarantees everyone the freedom of thought and speech and asked the first senators, and then Putin not to pass the bill.

On may 24, 2019, the website of the VTSIOM published information that only 31.7% of the citizens surveyed by the VTsIOM expressed confidence in the President of Russia Vladimir Putin. Such data showed another weekly survey "VTSIOM-SPUTNIK", which was conducted by the sociological center on may 19, 2019. a Sharp drop in the ratings of Putin and "United Russia" began after the adoption of the so-called "pension reform", increasing the retirement age by 5 years. Despite repeated statements by officials at all levels that the majority of the population has adopted the "pension reform", resigned to it, the collapsed ratings of the authorities are not trying to recover.

After the pension reform, the citizens began to publish obscene and disrespectful remarks about the President and officials. Most of the cases are related to insulting Putin. After the signing of the law on disrespect of the authorities, Russia actively began to impose penalties.

19 Sep 2019 shaman Alexander Gabysheva, who walked to Moscow, detained at the border of Buryatia and Irkutsk region for carrying with him the "expert events" in the Yakut mental hospital, as reported by the Yakut Ministry of health. Gabyshev began his trip to the capital a few months ago, he planned to reach Moscow in 2021. He explained his actions by the need to "banish Putin", which the shaman considers the generation of the dark forces.

On January 15, 2020, Vladimir Putin proposed the candidacy of Mikhail Mishustin[ru], head of the Federal tax service, for the post of Prime Minister. As the Kremlin press service reported: "President Vladimir Putin held a working meeting with Mikhail Mishustin and offered him the position of Prime Minister. Having secured his consent, he submitted Mishustin's candidacy for the post of Prime Minister to the state Duma for consideration."

On December 15, 2020, Putin congratulated Joe Biden[ru] on his victory in the US presidential election.

According to 2020 data, the official salary of President Vladimir Putin is 773.4 thousand rubles per month.

Famous quotes Putin

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According to the CIA publications, the Russians have already mastered new technologies that can replace natural fuel

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