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Titanic

Titanic

"Titanic" (this article is in Russian[ru] - "Титаник") - the largest passenger ship of the early 20th century (UK[ru]). Built in 1911. Displacement over 46,300 tons, length about 269 m, width 28.2 m, speed 25 knots, double bottom, engines with a capacity of 50 thousand horsepower, height from the keel to the end of the pipes - 53 meters. The hull of the vessel was made of steel. The hold and lower decks were divided into 16 compartments by bulkheads with sealed doors.

The cabins and public spaces of the Titanic were divided into three classes. A swimming pool, a squash court, an La Carte restaurant, two cafes, and a gym were offered to first-class passengers. In all classes there were dining and smoking salons, open and closed promenades. The most luxurious and refined were the interiors of the first class, made in various artistic styles using expensive materials such as mahogany, gilding, stained glass, silk and others. Cabins and third-class cabins were decorated as simply as possible: steel walls were painted white or covered with wooden panels.

Launched on May 31, 1911.

During the maiden voyage from Southampton (UK) to New York (USA[ru]) in April 1912, he sank after hitting an iceberg. The death toll, according to various sources, is from 1400 to 1517 people (in total there are approximately 2200 people on board).

The sinking of the Titanic on April 14, 1912 is one of the greatest maritime disasters of the 20th century. When the ship collided with an iceberg, the silent film "The Poseidon Adventure" was broadcast in the liner cinema, in which the passengers of a large sinking liner were desperately fighting for survival.

The starboard side of the ship was ripped apart from the stem itself for 90 meters. The wreckage of the deceased liner remained intact until, on the American-French expedition, the American marine archaeologist Robert Bollard and his French colleagues discovered them on September 1, 1985, 325 miles (approximately 800 km) from the coast to the southeast of the Canadian island of Newfoundland.

Building the Titanic

May 31, 1911 in Belfast was bright and clear. The southern breeze creased the Belfast Bay and flapped flags on the cranes. More than 100 thousand onlookers wished to see the launch of the ship No. 401. According to the tradition of the White Star and Garland & Wolfe companies, there was no prayer for the glory of the newborn.

At 12.05 they launched two missiles, at 12.00 - a third. At 12.13 a hull of 26,000 tons slid down the rails, pulled by its own weight. The Titanic reached a speed of 12 knots (about 22 km/h) before six anchors and two thick anchor chains, each weighing 80 tons, stopped it. The whole process took 62 seconds. Then the tugs brought him to the bay, where for ten months he was to be equipped with equipment and passenger cabins.

After launching the vessel, work began on the construction of passenger seats, installation of engineering equipment and navigation systems. Everything that has been done before can be compared to the construction of the foundation of a building. Now carpenters, electricians, steam machine fitters, carpet makers and metal craftsmen have a wide range of jobs.

It was a truly unique structure. Its gross tonnage is 46.328 tons, length - 270 meters, width - 28, height from the waterline to the boat deck - 18.5 meters, height from the keel to the end of the pipes - 53 meters. In fact, this is an eleven-story building in height! Engines: 2 piston, 4 cylinder, 30,000 horsepower; one 18,000 horsepower Parsonian low-pressure turbine. The maximum speed is 21-23 knots (approximately 37-41.4 meters per second). Twenty lifeboats were designed for 1,178 people.

The Titanic's specifications were very similar to those of the Olympic. Several changes were made which resulted in a 1000 ton weight increase and more luxury. One of them was the installation of additional protection around the promenade deck. In addition, the passengers of the Olympic complained about the splashing of salty sea water from the bow of the ship while sailing in the North Atlantic seas. These changes have become the most visible difference between the two courts." 100 great shipwrecks. Author-compiler I.A. Muromov - Moscow: Veche, 1999, p. 227 - 228. Razzakov F. I. Dossier on the stars. Behind the scenes of show business. - Moscow: ZAO Publishing House EKSMO-Press, 1999, p. 434 - 435.

Titanic Ticket

Titanic Ticket

Several very wealthy people were going to take part in the first voyage of the Titanic, but ... they abandoned their plans. Among them was one of the owners of the "Titanic" J. Pierpont Morgan, who wanted to return by steamer to the United States, but did not go on board, citing poor health. For the same reason, Lord Pirri, president of the Harland and Wolff shipyard, on which the Titanic was built, refused to sail. Before the departure, the industrial and financial magnate, millionaire Alfred W. Vanderbilt and his wife refused to travel.

The Titanic sent two international distress signals that existed at that time - CQD and SOS. This was one of the first ever SOS signals.

There were no red flares on the Titanic for calls for help. Perhaps it was this fact that caused the death of so many passengers. The ship, which was not far from the Titanic, did not take seriously the white rockets launched from the gigantic liner in distress, and did not come to its aid.

Titanic Photos

These musicians played on the Titanic until the very end, when the ship sank

These musicians played on the Titanic until the very end, when the ship sank

73 years after one of the largest maritime disasters, a joint US-French expedition discovered the site of the Titanic 325 miles west of the Canadian island of Newfoundland, in the North Atlantic Ocean at a depth of 3750 meters. Since then, about 5,000 artifacts have been recovered from the wreckage of the Titanic. Many submarines visited the remains of the ship, submarines brought tourists there.

The largest maritime disaster of the 20th century occurred on the night of April 15, 1912 in the Atlantic, en route from Southampton (UK) to New York (USA). During its maiden voyage, the world's largest passenger liner at the time of construction, the Titanic, collided with an iceberg and sank after 2 hours and 40 minutes. More than 2,200 people were on board. 15 boats and 2 rafts were launched into the water. According to various estimates, from 1400 to 1517 people died, about 700 were saved.

The ship's captain was Edward Smith (the most experienced captain of the company that owned the Titanic). Despite his extensive experience, he decided not to slow down after seven danger warnings that the Titanic received the day before in order to quickly get to New York and set a new speed record.

The Titanic, a British steamer of the White Star Line, impressed with its size and architectural excellence; newspapers reported that the length of the liner was equal to the length of three city blocks, the height of the engine was equal to the height of a three-story building, that the anchor for the Titanic was being pulled through the streets of Belfast by a team of 20 strongest horses. The White Star Company promised its passengers complete safety, calling the ship "unsinkable"... In May 2006, at the age of 99, the last American eyewitness to the Titanic wreck died[ru]. Swedish-born Lillian Gertrude Asplund, who was 5 years old at the time of the disaster, escaped with her mother and brother in a boat. Asplund was the last person to remember how the tragedy happened, but she avoided publicity and rarely spoke about the event. The last of the passengers - Milvina Dean, who was 2.5 months old at the time of the plane's sinking - died on May 31, 2009.

The Titanic disaster became legendary and was one of the largest shipwrecks in history. Several feature films were shot on its plot. Dozens of books, hundreds of articles and essays have been written about the infamous steamer.

One of the most famous films was the American disaster film of 1997, directed by James Cameron - "Titanic", which shows the death of the legendary liner "Titanic". The budget was 200 million US dollars - a record for its time. Titanic set the record for becoming the highest grossing film in the history of cinema, grossing over $ 1.8 billion worldwide, and held that achievement for 12 years until it was beaten by the same director's Avatar. He also headed the American box office for 15 weeks, making him the second film after Alien (1982), which was in this position for the longest - 16 weeks.

On November 1, 1997, Titanic was shown for the first time at the Tokyo Film Festival.

On December 19, 1997 the premiere of the disaster film "Titanic", directed by James Cameron, took place. They spent $200 million on filming, which was a record budget for that time. The film became the highest grossing film in the history of 20th century cinema, grossing $1.8 billion.

In 2017, the film was selected for preservation on the United States National Film Register. In 1998, Titanic was nominated for an Oscar in 14 nominations, resulting in 11 of them, including the 1997 Best Picture. Alongside Ben Hur (1959) and The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003), the film holds the record for the most Academy Awards won, and is often recognized as the best melodrama film.

In the catastrophe of the Titanic, not only living people suffered, but also... the mummy. The body of the Egyptian princess Amen-Ra was to be transported from the British Museum to the United States. Now the British Museum has only the lid of the princess's sarcophagus.

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