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Barack Obama - biography

Barack Obama

Barack Hussein Obama, Jr. (born. Barack Hussein Obama II, pronounced [bəˈrɑːk huːˈseɪn oʊˈbɑːmə] (Барак Обама) — american statesman and politician, the 44th President of the United States of America[ru] (20 January 2009). The Nobel Peace Prize 2009. Before being elected president was a US senator from Illinois. He was re-elected for a second term in 2012. The first African American nominated for president of the United States from one of the two major parties. Zodiac — Leo.

Childhood

Barack Obama was born August 4, 1961, in Honolulu, Hawaii. His parents met in 1960 while studying at the University of Hawaii at Manoa; Father — Barack Hussein Obama, Sr. (1936-1982) — the son of the medicine man of the people of Luo. Missionary school paid him study in Nairobi and sent to study the course of Econometrics at the University of Hawaii, where he organized the Association of foreign students and become the best in his release.

Obama's mother - Stanley Ann Dunham (1942-1995) - was born on a military base in Kansas in a family-American Christians, but later became an agnostic. Religion same Obama - Protestantism.

Stanley Ann Dunham — English, Scottish, Irish and German descent; through her mother, Madeleine Lee Payne, Barack has also ancestors of the Cherokee. Dunham surname belongs to the American aristocracy and comes from the first settlers Singleteri Richard and his son Jonathan (1639/40—1724), who for unclear reasons, changed his name to Dunham (family legend elevates it to the owners of the castle Danhem in Scotland, which in infancy crime deprived inheritance relatives). Stanley Ann studied anthropology at the University of Hawaii, where Obama Sr. met.

Father Obama Sr. and Dunham's parents were against the marriage, but they were married February 2, 1961. In 25-year-old Kenyan Barack it was the second marriage.

August 4, 1961, in Honolulu, Hawaii was born the fifth child of Obama Sr., but 18-year-old American Ann Dunham — first. Obama — a mulatto, but, unlike most black Americans, not a descendant of slaves.

A young couple was happy, but their union lasted only 3 years old. Two years after the birth of his son, his father went to continue studying at Harvard, but Dunham and Obama Jr. soon returned to Hawaii. Parental divorce Barack took place in January 1964.

During his studies at Harvard, Obama Sr. met with the American teacher Naydsend Ruth (Ruth Nidesand), which after the end of his training in the United States went to Kenya. It was his third marriage, which had two children. Total father was married four times.

Subsequently, the fate of Obama Sr. was tragic. At first it was waiting for success — he worked for an oil company, and then was promoted to a senior economist in the government of Kenya to the Ministry of Finance. For criticizing the economic activities of the President, Obama Sr. came to him out of favor, and his career came to an end. Obama began to drink and fell into poverty. His son, he saw the last time, when Barack was 10 years old. In Kenya, Obama Sr. was in a car accident, resulting in lost both legs.

When parents divorce, Barack Obama lived in Hawaii with his grandparents. His mother was shot in a candid photoshoot and consequently disowned by her parents. Grandmother Madeleine Lee brought up the boy for a long time. Barack's grandfather, a dissident and revolutionary; as Obama's father, fought with the existing political system in Kenya, but failed. Torture, disability and two years in prison fight ended Hussein Onyango Obama and British colonial policy in his country. Soon, his grandson will distribute this policy around the world...

Ann Dunham, divorced her husband when it started having problems, re-married an Indonesian foreign student, Lolo Sutor. In 1967, Anne went with him and a little Barack in Jakarta. From this marriage there was a half-sister of Barack Maya.

Education, early career

In Jakarta, Obama Jr. attended public school from 6 to 10 years. After that, he returned to Honolulu where he lived with his maternal grandparents until the end of 1979 a prestigious private school "Panehou".

In 1982, Obama Sr. was killed a car accident. He left eight children from four wives. Memories of his childhood, Obama described in his book "Dreams From My Father".

Obama is a lefty. His autograph:

Barack Obama Autograph

After high school, Obama studied for two years at Occidental College in Los Angeles, and then he transferred to Columbia University, where he specialized in international relations. By the time a bachelor's degree in 1983, he worked in the International Business Corporation and the New York research center.

In 1985, with the move to Chicago, Barack Obama worked as a community organizer in disadvantaged areas of the city.

In 1988, he enrolled in Harvard Law School, where in 1990 he became the first in its history African-American editor of university publications Harvard Law Review.

Obama taught constitutional law at the Chicago Institute of Legal Sciences from 1992 to 2004. He also worked as a lawyer in the field of civil rights. At the same time, Obama met his future wife Michelle (born in 1964).

In 1995, Barack mother died of ovarian cancer.

Senator of Illinois

In 1996, Barack Obama was elected to the Senate from Illinois 13th congressional district. His predecessor was Alice Palmer, a successor — Kwame Raoul.

Obama held the chair of Senator on January 8, 1997 to November 4, 2004, was the Democratic Party of the United States: re-elected twice, in 1998 and 2002. As a senator, Obama worked with Democrats and Republicans: with representatives of both parties working on a program to support low-income families through tax cuts; acted as a supporter of the development of pre-school education, to support measures to tighten control over the work of the investigating authorities.

In 1998, Obama's daughter Malia Ann.

In 2000, Barak made an unsuccessful attempt to run for the US House of Representatives, but lost the primaries to the current Congressman Bobby Rush black man (Bobby Rush).

In 2001, his second daughter was born Natasha ("Sasha").

In January 2003, Obama ran for the US Senate.

After winning the primary election in March 2004, Obama said the main speech at the Democratic National Convention in July of the same year. He joined the struggle for the nomination for one of the locations from Illinois in the US Senate. Obama won a landslide victory over six opponents in the primaries, gaining 70% of the vote. He was elected to the Senate in November 2004.

Obama, as a member of the Democratic minority in the 109th Congress convening, helped create legislation on the regulation of conventional armaments and increase transparency in the use of the state budget. He also made official trips to Eastern Europe, the Middle East and Africa.

Senatorstvo in Washington

Barack Obama was sworn in as a US senator January 4, 2005, becoming the 5th African American senator. Its predecessor was Peter Fitzgerald and successor - Roland Burris. Non-partisan Congressional Quarterly edition characterized Obama as "a loyal Democrat," based on an analysis of all the votes in the Senate in 2005-2007.

As part of the Nunn-Lugar (Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction) Obama flew to Russia to inspect nuclear facilities of the Russian Federation, along with Republican Senator Richard Lugar. During the trip, August 28, 2005 at departure at the airport Perm Big Savino incident occurred: Senators were detained for three hours due to the failure "to comply with the border guards" for inspection of the aircraft, which had diplomatic immunity. Later, the Russian Foreign Ministry expressed regret "in connection with a misunderstanding and inconvenience caused to the senators". In his book, Obama described the incident as one of the moments during his journey, "which reminded of the days of the Cold War".

August 26, 2006, Obama and his wife visited Kenya.

Political views and statements

As a senator, Obama has repeatedly been in the White House at the invitation of President George W. Bush. Barack was an early opponent of the policies of President Bush Joji against Iraq. In his book "The Audacity of Hope" (2006), Obama wrote: "From the very beginning, I spoke in the Senate, consistent and sometimes very harsh critic of the Bush administration's policies. I think tax cuts for the wealthy citizens are not only ill-advised, but also highly questionable from the point of view of morality. "

Obama had recommended the National Journal as the "most liberal" senator based on an assessment of selected votes during 2007.

While working in the 110th Congress convening Obama participated in the creation of laws relating to fraud in the elections, lobbying, climate change, nuclear terrorism, and American soldiers demobilized.

Presidential race and elections in the US

Obama announced his desire to run for president of the United States February 10, 2007 in front of the old Illinois State Capitol in Springfield. Place was symbolic, that is where Abraham Lincoln in 1858 said historic speech "house divided". During the campaign, Obama advocated a speedy end to the war in Iraq, energy independence and universal health care. His campaign slogan - "Change in which we can believe in" and "Yes, we can!" (The song Yes We Can, recorded a number of famous artists using words from Obama's speech, gained great fame and Webby Award).

During the first half of 2007, the Obama campaign has collected 58 million dollars. Small donations (less than $200) accounted for 16.4 million of this amount. This number is set a record for fundraising presidential campaign in the first six months of the calendar year before the election. The value of a small portion of donations was also quite significant.

In January 2008, the campaign has set another record with the collection of $36.8 million — the highest amount ever collected as a presidential candidate in the primaries of the Democratic Party. Obama was officially nominated at the Democratic National Convention in 2008, along with the candidate for the post of Vice President - Senator Joseph Biden of Delaware.

The Iraq war and the war in Afghanistan

As a presidential candidate, Obama said that the war in Iraq was a mistake of the Bush administration, and that Afghanistan should become the central front in the fight against terrorism. He said that Afghanistan is "slipping into chaos and threatens to turn into a narco-state". In mid-2008, he advocated that the summer of 2009 in Iraq left the American combat units. At the stage of the election intraparty struggle for the nomination for the post of the presidential candidate of the Democratic Party around Clinton grouped supporters of the Iraq war (she voted for it in the Senate), and around Obama - opponents.

The election campaign

Barack Obama has become the single candidate of the Democrats after June 7, 2008 Hillary Clinton officially announced his retirement from the race and endorsed Obama candidacy. And on June 25 the 42nd US President Bill Clinton endorsed Obama for the first time, through spokesman Matt McKenna, saying that will do their best to Barack Obama won the presidential election.

Obama admitted that he smoked marijuana at school, taking recreational drugs (cocaine) and alcohol, about this, he told the press and the voters at the Civic Forum presidential campaign August 16, 2008 and described it as their lowest moral collapse.

Preliminary election of Barack Obama

Preliminaries. The results of the primaries by state Democrats. (shown in purple states that supported Obama, green - Clinton)

Obama confidently won in states with high levels of education and urbanization, but it really affected by the crisis of 2008; most difficult for Barak were states in which dominates the white population is West Virginia, Florida. He won a victory in the traditionally Republican states — Alaska and Mississippi, where the support of Republicans since 1980, as well as in the traditionally liberal states — Washington and Minnesota, and in some states "Changeling".

Obama interrupted his presidential campaign to visit her grandmother in the hospital, they were very attached to each other; Madeleine Lee Payne Dunham died Nov. 2, 2008.

November 4, Obama secured the support of 338 of the 538 electoral votes with 270 needed, which meant his rise to power. In this case, the voter turnout reached a record — 64%. In the presidential election of 2008, Obama was ahead of the candidate of the ruling Republican Party, John McCain, gaining 365 votes in the electoral college (52.9% of the vote) against 173 McCain.

Resonance in the US and other countries

Lowest number of votes Obama won the southern United States; in Alabama, Louisiana, Oklahoma and Texas, where voted for McCain and 60% participated in the elections; and in one of these states, only one in ten white voters, according to exit polls, voted for Obama.

According to the Associated Press, in the United States after the victory in the presidential election of Barack increased number of cases of religious and racial intolerance. Director of the Intelligence Project at the Southern Poverty Law Mark Potok said: "There are plenty of people who think that they lose their habitual way of life that they have stolen like a country that was built by their ancestors".

Obama's victory sparked euphoria in some countries — a phenomenon called "Obama-mania", whose symptoms began to appear as early as during the campaign. Particularly strong were exposed her to Kenya and other countries in Africa and the Middle East.

Acting as President-elect

November 10, 2008, Obama met with President Bush to discuss the situation in the country and the world. The next day, Obama and his wife visited the White House, where he was hosted by President George W. Bush and his wife, that was presented to the US media as "the beginning of the transfer of power".

Newspaper International Herald Tribune November 16, 2008 wrote about Obama's political views, they articulated them during the election campaign, "Obama did not define themselves in clear ideological terms, but his track record and the program — to the left of center". On the same day Obama left the Senate office.

Obama spoke in favor of the resolution of abortion, including late-term abortions. When the debate in the US about the law prohibiting abortion method so-called partial birth (en: Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act) wrote that if he were elected, tirelessly to defend this method of abortion as a legitimate medical procedure. He also participated in the development of programs to prevent teenage pregnancy, including by means of distribution of contraceptives and educational programs on sex education for teenagers.

November 17, 2008, Obama met with Republican Senator John McCain; together with the latter, he issued a statement proclaims the intention to "open a new era of reform" in Washington and "restore prosperity" American families. The next day, Obama reiterated his commitment to work for the achievement of significant goals to combat global climate change. And in a video message to the participants of an environmental conference in Los Angeles, he condemned the current administration for the "abandonment of the leading role" of the US in the preservation of the environment; promised that he will annually allocate $ 15 billion on measures to save energy and become seek to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the United States in 2020 to 1990 levels. On the same day the media reported unofficial information about its intention to appoint in his future administration to the post of Minister of Justice of the black lawyer Eric Holder, a former Clinton Deputy Minister of Justice.

"Nezavisimaya Gazeta" on 19 November 2008 wrote: "For many believers came as a surprise is the fact that the black Democrat, women's rights to abortion and a supporter of stem cell research, won the majority of religious voters". The publication provides statistics Pew Research Center, according to which 53% of believers US residents voted for Barack Obama, 46% - for John McCain; while four years ago, John Kerry lost to George W. Bush in the fight for the votes of religious Americans: 48% vs. 51%.

November 24, 2008, Obama introduced a few people with his "team of advisers on economic revival (The President's Economic Recovery Advisory Board), which in the future were to occupy important positions and establish a policy with respect to the future administration of the global economic crisis. November 26, Obama appointed the head of his team of economic advisers former chairman of the US Federal Reserve (1979-1987) Paul Volcker.

December 1, 2008 in Chicago, Obama officially announced Senator Hillary Clinton candidate for Secretary of State and Secretary of Defense Robert Gates — to the post of defense minister. In the same year Congress.org put Obama the 11th most influential senator.

The Presidency of Barack Obama

January 20, 2009 during the inauguration ceremony near the Capitol Obama was sworn in as the 44th president of the United States; ceremony attracted a record number of viewers — more than a million people. Took an oath on the Bible, on which he swore at the inauguration of Abraham Lincoln. First for Oaths Act president was unveiling a proclamation declaring January 20, 2009 "National day updates and consent".

Барак Обама принимает президентскую присягу

Barack Obama takes the oath of office

In his speech, Obama called for a "new era of responsibility".

According to CNN January 21, 2009, the cost of Barack Obama's inauguration and inaugural festivities — the highest in US history: the cost of its holding exceeded $160 million. The next day, late at night, on the advice of constitutional lawyers in the White House as a precaution, Obama again took the oath to the President, due to the fact that before there was an error in the reading of the US Constitution established the text of the oath. Chief Justice Roberts mistakenly placed the word "honest (faithfully) after the words "to serve as President of the United States".

Many believe that Obama is on the parameters is very similar to the Antichrist, that is, the person who comes to the end of time, to take over the world. All these statements would seem ridiculous. If it were not for one thing. It may seem incredible, but in the biography of the 44th president of the United States really, there are many paranormal mystical coincidence.

During the inauguration of Obama, by a strange coincidence did not manage to utter an oath on the Bible, he misread the text faltered.

Employees Staff istogo Mormon Mitt Romney first drew attention to the fact that during his own inauguration, Obama was the one who put on the gloves. It would seem that nothing special about it. If you do not remember the biblical tradition that when the Antichrist will be crowned, he wears gloves to hide claws. According to legend, the Antichrist must come from the tribe of Dan. From the point of view of the Orthodox tradition, and general Christian Antichrist must be born from the whore of the tribe of Dan, from the lost descendants of the lost Jewish tribes.

It is also interesting opponents continue to Obama that his name is translated from Hebrew as — "Lightning from a height". In the Gospel of Luke, this expression is found: "I beheld Satan fallen as lightning from heaven".

Acting as President

January 22, 2009, Obama signed an executive order to close within a year in prison for terrorist suspects at the US military base at Guantanamo (Cuba).

Immediately after Obama's inauguration of the Russian-American political scientist Nikolai Zlobin said: "The closer the day of transfer of authority from the Bush to the new president of the country, the more favorably and positively Barack Obama speaks about his predecessor. This dramatic change in comparison with the extremely critical anti-Bush rhetoric Obama More recently, during the election campaign. "... I think that this change in the public for a new president to his predecessor largely due to the fact that, as Obama's understanding of the case, reference to the actual situation, which had to act, and George W. Bush in which it is necessary to act now to Obama last increasingly began to realize that his predecessor spent quite rational policy, taking into account all possible factors and constraints. "

And in the "Gazette" on January 28, 2009 Zlobin wrote about the Kremlin's reaction to Obama's victory: "The tone of Dmitry Medvedev's speech to the Federal Assembly on November 5, 2008 and the belated and cold greeting Obama said that Moscow was not ready for Obama and very disappointed. "

January 29, 2009, the US Congress endorsed the plan to stimulate the US economy, proposed by the president. Plan envisaged infusion of $819 billion.

As a presidential candidate, Obama said that on the first day after his inauguration, give the order to end the war in Iraq. But immediately after coming to power, he revised his views on the completion time of the war, said in February 2009 that the military operations there will be completed in 18 months.

February 9, 2009, US President Barack Obama held his first press conference. The next day, the US Senate approved an emergency plan Obama's anti-crisis measures cost 838 billion dollars. When implementing the plan for 2 years should be created to 4 million new jobs. The plan also contained provisions on direct investment in the health care industry, energy, education.

February 17, 2009 Obama sent to Afghanistan 17 thousand additional troops, as well as signed in Denver by the US Congress adopted an anti-crisis plan for 787 billion dollars.

First grandmother" of the US, 72-year-old Marian Robinson — mother-in-law Obama in the past worked as a secretary in the magazine on sale of useful household goods. Since March 2009, she resides in the White House, and at the same time practicing witchcraft — Santeria — one of the African species of occult religion of Voodoo.

Speaking at Georgetown University April 14, 2009, Barack Obama made the following argument in defense of the consumer society and explained the reason for government intervention in the free market: "If all the family and all the firms in the United States at the same time cut back on their spending, the money to spend, no one will, the number of falls consumers, which in turn will lead to new layoffs and economic situation will deteriorate even further. That's why the government had to step in and temporarily boost spending to stimulate demand. That is what we are doing now, — "said the US president. ("Obama sees light at the end of the tunnel", Euronews TV channel).

From 6 to 8 July 2009 Barak made an official working visit to Moscow. During the visit, bilateral agreements were signed, including the transit of US military supplies to Afghanistan through Russia.

Obama — Nobel Peace Prize, which he received on 9 October 2009 with the wording "for extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between people". Barak became the third US president, after Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson, who received the Nobel Peace Prize while in office (the prize was also awarded to the ex-President Jimmy Carter).

In 2009, at a press conference in Japan, Obama twice declined to answer a direct question and refused to defend the feasibility of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by the United States.

In 2009, Obama twice strengthened US troops in Afghanistan. In December, Obama announced sending another 30 thousand troops, while stressing that the US is not interested in the occupation of Afghanistan. Currently, US forces in Afghanistan has a population of about 70 thousand. Soldiers, and after the arrival of reinforcements reached 100 thousand., Which is comparable with the number of Soviet troops at the height of the war the Soviet Union in Afghanistan (about 109 thousand. People).

The escalation of US involvement in the fighting in Afghanistan, as well as stabilization of the situation in Iraq has led to the fact that if in 2008 the American casualties in Afghanistan were half the losses in Iraq, in 2009 the situation changed mirror image - a year in Afghanistan killed twice as many men than in Iraq. In general, the year 2009 became the deadliest for US forces in Afghanistan since the beginning of counter-terrorist operation. In the first half year of the Obama presidency in Afghanistan killed as many American soldiers, but for both the presidential term of George W. Bush (since the war began in 2001 and by the end of 2008). But the loss of the US remains below the annual losses of the Soviet troops in the midst of the war of 1979-1989.

In 2010, Obama, despite the opposition of Republicans pushed through a law on health care reform.

April 4, 2011, Barack Obama reiterated his desire to run for a second term as president, began collecting money for the election campaign and announced the start of the presidential race.

In 2011, the US Army on the orders of Obama participated in NATO's intervention in Libya. In the same year, the newspaper "Washington Post" published a report that a strange fascination with voodoo dolls shared by the president. As it turned out, Obama more than 250 magical dolls — Haitian, Cuban and Hawaiian. These dolls represent the invisible force that can intervene at any time in human affairs.

Obama — the first in 2012 and the only presidential candidate who refuses to state campaign finance.

During the election campaign in the United States circulated rumors that Barack was born outside the United States, it would be deprived of his right to be elected to the presidency. March 1, 2012 Arizona Sheriff Joe Arpaio announced that the birth certificate of Barack Obama may be a fake, made on a computer; he made a similar statement regarding the form of accounting for military service filled with the future president in 1980.

In the presidential election of 2012, Obama beat Republican candidate Mitt Romney, gaining 332 votes in the electoral college (51.1% of the vote) against 206 in Romney. Barack Obama was re-elected for a second term.

Mitt Romney accused Obama of supporting the idea of ​​income redistribution. Romney calls Obama voters people, "not able to provide for themselves and live at the expense of the state". According to Obama, Romney - a supporter of the idea of ​​a world without nuclear weapons.

Signing Barack Obama and DA Medvedev START treaty-3. April 8, 2010. Prague

Signing Barack Obama and DA Medvedev START treaty-3. April 8, 2010. Prague.

August 1, 2014 telephone conversation between the Russian and US presidents Vladimir Putin (Владимир Путин) and Barack Obama, in which they discussed the situation in Ukraine. Putin described the line to build the Washington sanctions pressure as counterproductive, causing serious damage to bilateral cooperation and international stability as a whole. Presidents agreed that the current situation does not meet the interests of both countries. In this context, the sides exchanged views on the prospects for US-Russian — said the Kremlin press service.

November 5, 2014 according to the American magazine Forbes Obama took second place in the list of the annual ranking of the most influential people in the world. First place went to Russian President Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, who headed the list for the second time in a row. Third place in the ranking took President China Xi Jinping. In fourth place in the ranking of the magazine — Pope Francis, the fifth — German Chancellor Angela Merkel. Total list includes 72 people, state and public figures, heads of corporations.

December 8, 2014, Barack tried his hand as a leading satirical program, speaking at a humorous TV channel Comedy Central. Its place in the aired transmission Obama almost 6.5 minutes yielded an American actor, satirist, director and writer Stephen Colbert.

February 27, 2015 in Russia there was a loud murder. In the center of Moscow on Vasilevsky descent killer shot Boris Nemtsov (Бориса Немцова) with four shots in the back. The American leader has condemned his murder, has published a special statement in connection with the murder of Russian opposition politician and urged the Russian authorities "to conduct a prompt, independent and transparent investigation into his murder".

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