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Boris Efimovich Nemtsov (Борис Ефимович Немцов) — Russian[ru] politician and statesman, member of the Yaroslavl Oblast Duma of the sixth convocation, one of the founders and leaders of the UDM "Solidarity", co-chairman of a political party "RPR-Parnassus", member of the Coordination Council of Russian opposition. Zodiac — Libraru.
Fuel and Energy Minister from April - November 1997, Deputy Prime Minister of the Government (1997-1998), physicist, candidate of physical and mathematical sciences, the author of over 60 scientific papers.
Boris Nemtsov was born October 9, 1959, in Sochi, the son of the deputy chief of the construction cupola Yefim Davidovich Nemtsov (1928-1988) and a pediatrician, a distinguished physician of Russia Dina Jakovlevny Eydman (born in 1928). According to the memoirs of Bori, his paternal grandmother, Anna B. Nemtsov (1899-1980) was a Russian and a child baptized him secretly from a Jewish mother, which caused her great dissatisfaction.
At school, Boris studied in the city of Gorky, where he graduated with honors. In 1976 he joined the Department of Radiophysics of Gorky State University named after N.I. Lobachevsky. In this university taught by his uncle on his mother Wilen Y. Eydman. Nemtsov's cousin, the son of Vilhena Eydman - Igor Eidman also studied at the Gorky University.
In 1981 he graduated with honors from the Department of Radiophysics of Gorky State University. In 1985 he defended his thesis for the degree of candidate of physical and mathematical sciences. He specialized in the field of plasma physics, astrophysics, hydrophysics. In 1981-1989 he worked at the Gorky Research Institute of Radio Physics.
In the spring of 1990 he was elected deputy of the RSFSR, was a member of the Supreme Council (SC), was a member of the Armed Forces Committee on Legislation. In 1990-1991 (on I-IV Congress of People's Deputies) was a member of the parliamentary group (faction) "Democratic Russia". During the presidential elections in Russia in 1991 was a confidant of Boris Yeltsin in the Nizhny Novgorod region.
During the August coup Nemtsov strongly supported the Russian government, protecting its stronghold of the White House. August 27, 1991 he was appointed representative of the President of Russia in the Nizhny Novgorod region. In November, a presidential decree was appointed head of the administration of the Nizhny Novgorod region and the regional council approved a new name - the governor. To develop a program of reforms in the Nizhny Novgorod region, the Germans invited in 1992 Grigory Yavlinsky and led them "Epicenter". Yavlinsky proposed scheme by which by increasing the salaries of employees in state enterprises are fully exempted from spending on housing and other social programs (the so-called conversion of the social sphere), was carried out in Arzamas Nemtsov and Navashino-on-Oka.
In September 1992, Boris Nemtsov held in Nizhny Novgorod "Month of free trade." During the month were canceled reaching the city budget a percentage of income taxes and halved the interest of the same tax going to the regional budget. Since the decision to hold the month was taken a few days before his announcement, about the benefits of entrepreneurs learned too late, so it did not affect the quantity of goods turnover and prices. Losses as a result of the budget shortfall of the month from taxes amounted, according to various estimates, from 20 to 100 million rubles. However, as a propaganda campaign failed completely experiment: to a large extent due to "the month of free trade" (along with simplified rules of business registration) authority as a leader Nemtsov-market, supporting small and medium businesses has grown.
During the October 1993 events, the Germans occupied the pro-presidential position. In December 1993, he was elected to the Federation Council of the Nizhny Novgorod region. During the Chechen war actively opposed military action against Chechnya. Organized the collection of signatures for the withdrawal of federal troops from the breakaway republic. In December 1995, won the election for governor of the Nizhny Novgorod region. The summer of 1996 supported the candidacy of Yeltsin's presidential elections in Russia.
In 1997, the future politician moved to Moscow. In March 1997 he was appointed First Deputy Prime Minister. Immediately after his appointment announced his intention to "transplant" of government officials on domestic carsru that was met with a very ironic.
March 17, 1997 Nemtsov was appointed First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia. From April to November, he combined this job with the post of Minister of Fuel and Energy, to which he was appointed. Deputy prime minister and retained in the government of Sergei Kiriyenko, which he left after the resignation of the entire Cabinet of Ministers of August 24, 1998.
In December 1999 he was elected to the State Duma, leader of the faction "Union of Right Forces." Took the initiative to promote reform of the army, holding a referendum on the issue of land. In December 2003, the State Duma elections, along with Anatoly Chubais and Irina Khakamada led the federal list of the Party "Union of Right Forces," which failed to overcome the five percent barrier and enter the Duma.
In January 2004, resigned as co-chair of the PCA. In 2004-2005 chairman of the board of directors of concern "Oil". In 2005-2006, Advisor to the President of Ukraineru Viktor Yushchenko to attract investment. (Encyclopedia of Cyril and Methodius)
September 8, 2013 regional elections Nemtsov was elected to Yaroslavl Oblast Duma on the list of the "RPR-Parnassus".
Wife - Raisa Ahmetovna daughter from this marriage - Jeanne (she studied in New York, in 2005, was actively involved in the youth movement of the liberal Moscow).
Boris Nemtsov has two children from a journalist Catherine Odintsov, whom he met in Nizhny Novgorod son - Anton (1995) and daughter - Dean (2002). Odintsov later moved to Moscow, began working presenter. In addition, Nemtsov has a daughter, Sofia (2004) of his secretary Irina Koroleva, who previously worked in the Presidential Administration. As explained Nemtsov himself in 2007, he does not live with his wife, Raisa, but divorce is not going to.
According to journalist and writer Igor Swinarenko on the 50th anniversary of Nemtsov attended by all his former civil wife and all his children.
His friends thought Boris Yegor Gaidar and Anatoly Chubais. Nemtsov was fond of tennis, repeatedly played with Boris Yeltsin.
Nemtsov lived in Moscow on Bolshaya Ordynka, in 2013 became the owner of an apartment in the center of Yaroslavl, was the owner of the carsru Range Rover.
According to the publication Life News, Nemtsov spent the Christmas holidays in 2012 in Dubai with Anastasia Firing. In the words of Boris, Anastasia is his girlfriend, he meets up with her for more than three years.
Boris Nemtsov was killed Feb. 27, 2015, in downtown Moscow on Vasilevsky descent. The killer shot four shots policy, committing a total of 7-8 shots. According to a source in law enforcement, for Nemtsov was shadowed, the murderers was well known route of movement. The tragedy occurred on the eve of the march of crisis "Spring", to be held March 1 at the Moscow area Marino. Nemtsov was one of the organizers of the "Spring".
Mourning procession in memory of Nemtsov, consistent with the City of Moscow, was held on March 1. The column was held from Kitaigorodskii travel on Moskvoretskaya waterfront, the procession ended at the Great Moscow River bridge, where on Saturday night was murdered politician.
Organizers said that the march was attended by about 50 thousand people. Shares Memory Nemtsov were also held in Minsk, Vilnius, Nizhny Novgorod.
Dmitry Peskov, a spokesman for the Russian president said: "Putin noted that this brutal murder has all the hallmarks of custom and is purely provocative." US Secretary of State John Kerry said that the Russian authorities should investigate the murder of an opposition politician and bring the perpetrators to justice.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Владимир Путин) ordered the RF IC, the Interior Ministry and the FSB investigation team to create and keep the investigation under his personal control.
The head of Chechnya, Ramzan Kadyrov said that the assassination policy are Western intelligence agencies. On this he wrote in his instagrame. According to him, the murder was organized to destabilize the situation in Russia.
The former head of NK "YUKOS" Mikhail Khodorkovsky called the killing opposition to their personal grief. Thus he wrote on his page in Twitter. "The death of Boris - grief for me and my family. We all loved him. Reckless, but a very good guy "- said Khodorkovsky.
US President Barack Obama (Барак Обама) condemned the killing as well Nemtsov and issued a special statement in connection with the murder of Russian opposition politician. US leader urged the Russian authorities "to conduct a prompt, independent and transparent investigation into his murder."
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, speaking at the High Level Segment of the 28th session of the UN Human Rights Council (HRC) on March 2 in Geneva, said that the cowardly murder of Boris Nemtsov will be investigated to the fullest extent of the law.
Farewell ceremony with a politician - a memorial service was held at the Sakharov Center. He was buried at the cemetery Troekurov March 3. Nemtsov laid on the grave of dozens of wreaths with ribbons of colors of the Russian flag. Before the funeral his inveterate the Orthodox rite.
February 27, 2016, in the anniversary of the death of the policy, the deputy of the Yaroslavl Regional Duma Boris Nemtsov, the citizens of Yaroslavl hung a plaque that reads: "Boris Nemtsov, a citizen living in this house, and a patriot."
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